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Sunday, December 21, 2014

42.3 Jemima Isaacson and Andrw Durnford their son Anthony William Durnford m Barbara Brabazon

Jemima Isaacson and Andrew Durnford's second son was Anthony William Durnford.

Anthony was born 24th January 1775 in London, and baptised at St Marylebone in London.

In some of the letters written by his brother, he confirms that his father bought him a commission in the Military.

Younger son of Andrew Durnford became an Ensign in the 1st Foot Guards (now the Grenadier Guards) in 1794.      

The Grenadier Guards is an infantry regiment of the British Army. It is the most senior regiment of the Guards Division and, as such, is the most senior regiment of infantry, and a must to see in London!
1796                He was promoted Lieutenant and Captain in 1796                  

1 Jan 1797      Adjutant of the 1st Battalion 
1805                Brigade-Major in 1805. 
June, 1806,      He embarked with General Wynyard's Brigade of Guards for  Sicily in during the                                     Napoleonic War, and served there until October
General Henry Wynyard (8 June 1761 – 3 April 1838) was a British Army officer who became Commander-in-Chief, Scotland.     Wynyard was also colonel of the 64th Regiment of Foot.

Oct. 1807          when the Brigade embarked as part of the force under General Sir John Moore,                                      destined for Lisbon. 

Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore, KB, (13 November 1761 – 16 January 1809) was a British soldier and General, also known as Moore of Corunna. He is best known for his military training reforms and for his death at the Battle of Corunna, in which he defeated a French army under Marshal Soult during the Peninsular War.

26 Nov 1807      Promoted to Lieut-Colonel   Owing to adverse circumstances the expedition                                               proceeded to England.  

1811,               Embarked with the 3rd Battalion for Cadiz, where they were blockaded by the                                          French.        60th Foot, 8th Battalion: December 1810 to July 1814 (Cadiz Spain).

                            He returned to England in 1811 and then sold out of the Army. 
Norman Cross

1814,              he entered the Barrack Department, then under the                                 Treasury, and was appointed Barrack Master at                                    Norman Cross, in Huntingdonshire, a depot for                                  French prisoners.

1815                he was removed to Hounslow and in 

1820                to Chatham, where he remained until 1837 when        
                       he retired.

Commandant's House Norman Cross
Norman Cross POW
Chatham Barracks

Chatham Wharf 1831

Hounslow Barracks

He married Barbara, daughter of the Hon. William Brabazon (2nd son of the 7th Earl of Meath). 

Hon William married 1764 Catherine Gifford the sole heir of Arthur Gifford esq of Altherne and they had four children:   Edward; Arthur-Gifford; Martha and Barbara

She was the youngest daughter of The Hon. William Brabazon, of Tara House in County Meath, younger son of the seventh Earl,

The family seat is Kilruddery House, near Bray, County Wicklow.

She married John Moore of New Lodge, Hertfordshire, and they had three children.

William John Moore Brabazon  b  1789  became a minister
John Arthur Moore                     b  1791  became a Major
Charles Henry Moore                 b   1798

They also had two other children who died as infants.

Their grandson John Arthur Henry Moore assumed the additional surname of Brabazon and was the father of the aviation pioneer and Conservative politician John Moore-Brabazon, 1st Baron Brabazon of Tara.

His marriage and a scandal

Anthony married Barbara, but before he did so, he caused quite a stir in the English countryside, when she eloped with him, while still married to John Moore.

Such things just didn't happen in England in 1803, and in fact in order to put matters right, John Moore had to go to court to get a divorce, because while she left her children with him, by the time he found her, she had one child was pregnant again with Anthony's second child.

Another scandal in the Durnford Family, there certainly have been a lot of them!

So 10 July 1805 he presented a Bill to the House of Lords for his divorce from Barbara due to her adultery.  The Bill as passed in the affirmative.

From the e-book Sporting Magazine Volume 21,  1803

The case before Lord Ellenborough and a Special Jury

Moore v Durnford

Mr Holroyd stated that this was an action brought by John Moore against Anthony William Durnford, Esq for criminal conversation with the plaintiff's wife in with the damages were laid at L10,000.  The defendant had pleaded not guilty and on that issue was joined.

Mr Erskine said, he was consel for the plaintiff, who had preferred his complaint aainst the defendant for adultry with his wife.

It goes on to say that for some months prior to her eloping with the defendant, he was on several occasions a visitor at the home.  She had met Dunford at a public breakfast and their mutual attachment were facilitated by the defendant's visiting him with her mother, and receiving visits.

Later it describes that the defendant was an officer in the Guards and had no idea whether he had a fortune or not.

Mr John Crane said he lived at Acton, he knew Mrs Moore and remembered her coming to lodge at his house on 3rd July. He took tea with her while she was at the house, she left on 19th July when she went away with Captain Durnford.

Mrs Taylor said that she lived as a servant with Captain Durnford at Brockhill, and on 20th July last remembered his holding a public breakfast to the gentlemen and ladies of the neighbourhood.

 She remembered Mrs Moore as she had come into the kitchen with Mr Durnford's brother's wife and had seen the same lady at Brockhill.

There were, at the house, Mr Durnford, Mrs Moore and two men servants, and herself.  There were two best beds, but only one had been slept in by two people.  The defendant and Mrs Moore breakfasted, dined and lived together.  She also said her master was a very young gentleman!

It went on to say, Mr Garrow stated, he had only to present to the jury a very young and unfortunate person, who was called Captain only from that courtesy which applied such a title to every subaltern officer in the army.

He was merely a Lieutenant in the Guards and had no other means of support than what his pay as such afforded.

He was a young man who unhappily found himself placed by accident in the neighbourhood of a lovely and accomplished lady, whose beauty he was unable to resist.  The jury found damages for the plaintiff for One Thousand Pounds.

Oh dear, wonder how is going to afford to pay this!    He sold his commission in 1811, maybe that was to clear his debt!

So this young man who had been smitten by accident with a lovely lady, did the right thing and they married in 1805.

They had 5 children

Edward William Durnford     b  1803  d   1889
George Anthony Durnford     b  1804  d   1856
Catherine Jemima Durnford  b   1806  d   1856
Arthur Gifford Durnford        b   1809  d  1886
Harriet Barbara Durnford       b   1810  d  1885

John Moore retained the children from his marriage with Barbara, and later changed his name to Moore-Brabazon, possibly due to the Brabazon Heritage which one of his descendants were entitled.

Family Photos provided by Anthony Durnford Birch from USA thanks so much for his help

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