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Saturday, November 29, 2014

40.1.3 Establishing the Derenfords in Cornwall Dorset Devon from 1255

Family links to Cornwall, Dorset and Devon Areas.

There is evidence that the Derenefords certainly did live in Cornwall.

In each case, there is listed, the names of all the descendants of the person who made the original will.   By working through that jigsaw puzzle, the first owner of the lands was William Derneford who died in 1255.

The following records relate to Court hearings about another will, this time the will of Stephen Derenford and his heirs. As was the case, a will left lands to forever, and trying to sort out who was who, must have been very difficult.

Some records from the Devon Archives in relation to the Manor of Roscraddock in Cornwall

Stephen Derneford married Ceilia.  He died in 1388 she in 1389.  From the content of the will some of the family members can be traced.  

Ref No
Letters of attorney, lands in St Cleer
28 Mar 1388
1 piece
Parties: 1) Edward Courtenay, earl of Devon 2) William Talbot, Richard Kendale, esquires, of Cornwall and John Waleys, vicar of St Stephen by Saltash. To deliver to Stephen Derneford of Plymouth, esquire; John Kentewod and Henry Yvelcombe, knights; Martin Feriers, esquire and Thomas de Kardyngton, clerk, full seisin of party 1's whole manor of `Recradek' [Roscraddock in St Cleer], with reversion of all lands in `vills' of Trenuth [Trenowth in St Cleer] and Treskelly, with common pasture in all party 1's waste in manor of Roscraddock and estovers of turf and furze in whole waste. Large armorial seal, red wax. Given at London. 

 With 19th century wrapper: 4 July 1871 Deed relating to the Manor of Roscraddock in Cornwall by Gilbert (Edward crossed out) Courtnay Earl of Devon.

Wm. Kerver, Jn. Tauton, clerk and William. Derneford, bastard   (poorman)

James. Derneford, son and heir of James. Derneford in fulfilment of will of James. Derneford Esq. decd.

All lands which 1 holds in bor. of Plymouth, Saltram and Motelegh, Devon, which were once StephenDerneford's, sen., of Devon Esq. decd., and lately James. Derneford's decd., also 1's manors of East Stonehouse, Taynton drewe and Merton, rents and services of all 1's tenants there, with advowson of ch. of Taynton drew, and all 1's lands in Ayschwater, Barnstaple, Godlegh, Whitsen and Exeter, Devon, m with advowson of ch. of St. Pancras at Exeter; which manors, lands and advowsons 1 and Wm. Paulet, Kt., Robt. Burton Esq. and Jn. Denys of Orlegh, held by gift of James. Derneford decd. also 1's manors of Rame, Langonet, Manelegh and Rascradock and Trenewthe and rents and services of all 1's tenants there, with advowson of ch. of Rame, which lands etc. 1 and aforesdia William. Robert. and John. held by gift of James.

CP 25/1/46/88, number 237.
One month from St Michael, 28 Henry VI [27 October 1449].
Robert Burton', esquire, and Elizabeth, his wife, James Derneford, esquire, and Margaret, his wife, John Champernoun', esquire, and Elizabeth, his wife, querents, and William Paulet, knight, James Chuddelegh', esquire, and Nicholas Radeford', deforciants.
The manor of Bykebury.
Plea of covenant.
Robert, Elizabeth, his wife, James Derneford, Margaret, John and Elizabeth, his wife, have acknowledged the manor to be the right of William, as that which William, James Chuddelegh' and Nicholas have of their gift.
For this:
William, James Chuddelegh' and Nicholas have granted to Robert and Elizabeth, his wife, the manor and have rendered it to them in the court, to hold to Robert and Elizabeth, his wife, of the chief lords for the lives of Robert and Elizabeth, without impeachment of waste during the life of Robert, rendering yearly to William, James Chuddelegh' and Nicholas and the heirs of William 20 pounds sterling, to wit, a moiety at Easter and the other moiety at St Michael. William, James Chuddelegh' and Nicholas and the heirs of William shall have the right to distrain.

 And after the decease of Robert and Elizabeth, his wife, a moiety of the manor shall remain to James Derneford and Margaret and the heirs of the body of Margaret, to hold of the chief lords for ever. In default of such heirs the moiety shall remain to the right heirs of Margaret. And after the decease of Robert and Elizabeth, his wife, the other moiety of the manor shall remain to John and Elizabeth, his wife, and the heirs of the body of Elizabeth, to hold of the chief lords for ever. In default of such heirs the moiety shall remain to the right heirs of Elizabeth.

Enfeoffment, lands in Cornwall and Devon

c1458                      This follows the will of 1388

Parties: 1) William Kerver, John Tauton, clerk and William Derneford, bastard 2) James Derneford, son and heir of James Derneford in fulfilment of will of James Derneford, esquire, deceased. 

Property: All lands which party 1 holds in borough of Plymouth, Saltram and Motelegh, Devon, which were once property of Stephen Derneford senior of Devon, esquire, deceased, and lately James Derneford's deceased. 

Also party 1's manors of East Stonehouse, Taynton drewe and Merton, with rents and services of all party 1's tenants there, with advowson of church of Taynton drew, and all party 1's lands in Ayschwater, Barnstaple, Godlegh, Whitsen and Exeter, Devon, with advowson of church of St Pancras at Exeter; which manors, lands and advowsons party 1 and William Paulet, knight, Robert Burton, esquire, and John Denys of Orlegh held by gift of James Derneford deceased. 

Also party 1's manors of Rame, Langonet, Manelegh and Rascradock and Trenewthe and rents and services of all party 1's tenants there, with advowson of church of Rame, which lands etc. party 1 and aforesaid William Robert and John held by gift of James Derneford, deceased. 

Appointed attorneys: John Elwyn and John Touker of Plymouth, pewterers. Witnesses.: Thomas Wyse, Thomas Clemens, Thomas Trefrye, esquires; John Trelany, John Pare (?), John Elwyn etc. Given at Exeter 2 February (no year) 

Edgcumbe family of Cotehele, Calstock and Mount Edgcumbe, Maker 

Ref No
Letter of attorney to deliver seisin, manors in Cornwall and Devon
12 Oct 1458
1 piece
Parties: 1) James Derneford esquire 2) John Forster, John Vele and Walter Hillaker.

 To deliver seisin of all party 1's manors in Rame; Langonet in Devon; Manelegh; and Rastradock [Roscradock] in St Cleer with advowson of church of Rame to William Paulet, knight, Robert Burton, esquire, John Denys of Orlegh, William Kerver, John Tavton, clerk and William Derneford, bastard.    
The Village Church of St Cleer

James Derneford 

HE CISTERCIAN HOUSES OF DEVON. strictly enforced, and it must have ..... for that the Lord of the Manor of Stonehouse, James Derneford, had, in defiance of the ... The monks would not allow James Derneford to use these marks of authority, ...... Johanni Daumarle, Willielmo de Bykebury, et Martino Ferrers, salutem. 

22. In 1448 the monks considered themselves aggrieved for that the Lord of the Manor of Stonehouse, 

James Dernefordhad, in defiance of the rights of the abbot and monks as lo-ds of the hundred of lioborough, set up at Stonehouse a pillory and tumbrel, and had held a court of frank-pledge there. This was a usurpation, and gave rise to much trouble and unpleasantness. 

The monks would not allow James Derneford to use these marks of authority, and he would not admit that he was wrong, or remove them. At last, as recited in the award, the whole matter was referred, by the mediation of friends, to the decision of William Hylle, the Prior of Plympton, and James Chudlegh, Esq. 

The award was in favour of the abbey ; and besides removing the pillory and tumbrel, James Derneford had to pay £20, as a fine for his encroachment.! 

Stephen Dernford

Stephen Dernford Letter from the King of Portugal addressed to him as of Plymouth. 

High Sheriff of Devon   1413
High Sheriff of Cornwall  1419: Stephen Derneford of Rame

Stephen Dernford d. 15 Oct 1427   was born at of East Stonehouse & Rame, Cornwall, England.

He married Radigund Cotterell, she died  1427  and was the daughter of Nicholas Cotterell. 

Their son 

James Dernford  born circa 1413 at of East Stonehouse, Cornwall, England;  He died 3 March 1463

             married        Johanna Cole,                     daughter of John Cole, before 1427;  
             married        Margaret Bigbery, 1424     daughter of William Bikebery, before 1446.

His son with Margaret: James Durnford                    b. c 1446, d. 31 Oct 1479

James married Jane Holland   daughter of John Holland and his wife Margaret  b  1455    d   1475

They had a daughter Joan Dunford   1472   -   1520   She married Piers Edgecombe 1474 -1529            
(Information indicating that her father was Stephen and her mother was  Anne Holland is incorrect)         
 Some Plymouth records indicate that James may have owned a pirate ship:

Durn(e)ford Stephen, and Tavistock, circa 1368, land speculator/owner, p 20, 30, 45
Durnford Celia,, 1369, wife of Stephen, p 30
Durnford James,, 1449, distinguished man accused of owning a pirate ship, p 61, 69, 70
Durnford Joan,,, daughter of James and wife of Piers Edgcumbe, p 30

Richard Edgcumbe was the eldest son of Sir Peter (or Piers) Edgcumbe (1477 – 14 August 1539) of Cotehele, Cornwall, and his first wife, Jane Derneford (d. before 1525), daughter and heir of James Derneford of Stonehouse, Devon, and widow of Charles Dynham of Nutwell, Devon (d 1493)

Estonhous, in the parish of Plymouth first called Hippeston, and was the dwelling of Joel de Stanehouse and William de Stanhouse.  Stonehous lieth on the aft side of the entrance of he river Tamer.  This place from a private house, is become a convenient bigg town well inhabited.  It was first the land of the name of Stonehous, and in the latter end of the reign of King Edward, Stephen Derenfor dwelled there, and later him Stephen his son, with by Radigund, daughter of Nicholas Cotterell, had issues James, who by Jen daughter of John Holland and Margaret, one of the daughters and heiresses of William Bigbiry had issues James who had issue, Joan first married unto Charles Dinham and secon unto Sir Peter Edgcomb of Cuttel in Corwall.   By Sir William Pole cir 1791

Probably Radigund was names after a Princess  

Radegund was a 6th-century Thuringian princess and Frankish queen, who founded the Abbey of the Holy Cross at Poitiers. She is the patron saint of several churches in France and England and of Jesus College, Cambridge Wikipedia

"Rame" is a rare word in English which means branch. Rame is also the name of two villages in Cornwall:
Rame, Maker-with-Rame, in southeast Cornwall  
Rame Head, a coastal headland near the first of these, as well as the Rame Peninsula
Rame, Wendron, towards the southwest of Cornwall

Rame (CornishHordh) is a hamlet between Rame Head and the village of Cawsand in South East Cornwall. It is situated on the Rame Peninsula. Rame means the high protruding cliff, or possibly, the ram's head.

Originally Cawsand was in the parish of Rame, but now has its own church in the village. The neighbouring church at Maker is in the same parish as Rame. Together they are called 'Maker-with-Rame' parish.  There is another Rame near Falmouth in west Cornwall. It is believed that the west Cornwall Rame was named after the one on the Rame Peninsula.

The church in the hamlet is dedicated to St. Germanus, the fighting bishop who is supposed to have landed in the neighbourhood when he came to Britain to suppress the Pelagian heresy in 400. It is all built of rough slate: the present stone building was consecrated in 1259. The slender, un-buttressed tower with its broached spire (an unusual feature in a Cornish church), the north wall and the chancel are all probably of this date, when the church was cruciform in shape. 

A south aisle was added in the 15th century and the Norman tympanum is a relic of the earlier church building on the site. The church is not supplied by electricity, and is lit by candles.
Gidleigh Castle

John Derneford    

John Damarel, knight (d. 1392) Son of Sir John Damarel (d. 1339) and Alice, the daughter and heiress of Sir William Prous of Gidleigh and the widow of Sir Roger Moeles (or Mules).

 She brought with her to the Damarels an extensive estate which included the manors of Gidleigh (with its castle), Throwleigh, and one-third of Holberton. 

John Damarel was a minor on the death of his father in 1339. 

According to Vivian he married firstly Joan, daughter of Sir John Cheverston which, if correct, made him a second cousin of Earl Edward. 

He married again, this time to Isobel, the widow of Thomas Tremayn of Carwithinack (Cornwall), probably in about 1380 when his entire estate was granted to feoffees.

 It consisted of the manors of Aveton Gifford, Flete Damarel, Gidleigh, Lustleigh, Mary Tavy, North Huish, Stodbury and Sydenham. When Isobel died in 1407 she held a large estate, partly in dower as widow of Damarel and partly as widow of Tremayn. 

Sir John Damarel had himself died without direct heirs: part of his widow's estate passed, as a result of an enfeoffment in favour of John Holand, earl of Huntingdon, to Sir John Cornwall (who married Holand's widow), but most passed to Isobel's heir, Nicholas Tremayn, and this included much of the Damarel patrimony. 

Died without issue his brother Perys became heir and married Onera Trevartea son Richard

Consequently there were protracted disputes with others who claimed to be heirs of Damarel, in particular John Derneford and his wife Joan, a granddaughter of Sir John's elder sister.

 Damarel was active in various public capacities in Devon from the early-1380s: a collector of a subsidy in 1371, a commissioner of array in 1371, 1377, 1385 and 1392, a JP from 1380 to 1384, sheriff in 1373 and 1377, and county M.P. in 1380. 

He acted as a feoffee for Sir Philip Courtenay, Sir Richard Champernon and Martin Ferrers (q.v.) --all connected with the earl. An inventory of his personal possessions has recently been published. 

Father John Damerell b 1300 Flete in Halberton  Mother was Alice de Moeles b 1303 
                                                 m John Durnford  b  1370

Inherited Gidleigh from her mother. Party to a fine
named in deed of enfeoffment 5 hen IV (1404). Isabella D'Aumarle paid John Durnford and Johanna his wife 1000 marks to relinquish claim to Gidleigh

Shortly afterwards in 1332, the wealthy heiress Dame Alicia de Moeles, chatelaine of Gidleigh Castle, and owner of the manor of Gidleigh and Throwleigh, obtained license from the Bishop for a priest under her patronage, Richard de Chageforde, to celebrate Mass in her newly built Chapel of La Wallen on the hill above Chagford bridge. 

Parochial History of Cornwall 1838

Held lands in Sydenham Damerell, Gidleigh, North Huish, Throwleigh, Marytavy and Collaton in Whitchurch, Devon   d  1339  

The link between the Holland inheritance of the estates, it all must have been in a marriage bond between Duke of Exeter and his divorced wife.

St Ledger was elected to the last parliament of Edward IV which met at Westminster on 18 January 1843. Two items were transacted in this assembly which did directly affect him, first thee was the exemption of certain named individuals of whom St Ledger was one, and secondly the Act which settled the estates of Henry Holland late Duke of Exeter upon St Ledgers daughter Ann who was contracted to marry Thomas Grey son of Marquie of Dorset therefore the queens grandson.

Ann St Ledger was the daughter of Anne of York, who was married to Henry Holland 3rd Duke of Exeter

Thomas was most likely the lover of Anne of York, before their marriage in c. 1474. She had been married at the age of eight to Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter, in 1447. Anne and Exeter had had one daughter, named Anne, who had been born in c. 1455.

The marriage was unhappy and Exeter and his wife mostly lived apart. Exeter was also a loyal Lancastrian while his wife was a Yorkist, and Exeter fought against Richard, 3rd Duke of York, at the Battle of Wakefield where Anne's father and her brother, Edmund, Earl of Rutland, died in battle.

Anne and Exeter eventually separated. Thomas fought against Exeter at the Battle of Barnet, where Exeter was badly wounded and left for dead, but survived. Exeter was later imprisoned, and Anne divorced him in 1472.

Exeter was also on Edward's expedition with Thomas St Leger to France in 1475. On the return voyage he fell overboard and drowned. Some say he was in fact thrown overboard at the King's command. St Leger's stepdaughter, Anne Holland, died some time around 1474, leaving her inherited Exeter estates behind.

Anne of York died giving birth in 1476 to her and Thomas's only child, another girl named Anne.

 Following his wife’s death, St. Leger remained on good terms with his brother-in-law, Edward IV, and served as the King's Controller of the Mint. In 1481, he was granted a license to found a perpetual chantry of two chaplains at the Chapel of St. George in memory of his wife.

He never remarried. In 1483, by Act of Parliament, Anne St. Leger was declared heiress to the entire Exeter estate, except for a portion which was given to the queen's son Richard Grey. This act, by which the lands of the Exeter dukedom fell into the hands of the last duke's stepdaughter and his daughter's brother-in-law, along with a number of similar acts, is thought to be a cause of difficulty in maintaining noble support for the reign of Edward IV

His daughter Anne St Leger (14 January 1476 – 21 April 1526) eventually married George Manners, 11th Baron de Ros. Their son was Thomas Manners, 1st Earl of Rutland, and their daughter, Lady Eleanor Manners (1505 – 16 September 1548) married John Bourchier, 2nd Earl of Bath, and had descendants. Lady Anne St. Leger and her husband George are both buried in the private Rutland Chapel in Windsor Castle

Anne St Leger (later Baroness de Ros; 14 January 1476 – 21 April 1526) was a niece of two Kings of England, Edward IV and Richard III. Before she was 8 she had inherited a vast fortune and been disinherited of it. Married at 14, she had 11 children, and is a link in the maternal line that was used to identify the remains of Richard III.

Sir Thomas St Leger KB (c. 1440 – executed 8 November 1483) was the second son of Sir John St Leger of Ulcombe, Kent, and his wife, Margery Donnet.

He was also the second husband of Anne of York (10 August 1439 – 14 January 1476), daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (by his wife Cecily Neville) and thus she was an elder sister of Kings Edward IV (1461-1483) and Richard III (1483-1485).

His younger brother, Sir James St Leger of Annery in Devon, married Anne Butler, daughter of Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond, and was therefore an uncle to Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire.

Obviously there was a reason for the 'castle' and that was the manor of Gidleigh which dates back to Anglo Saxon times. As always, it never hurts to firstly have a look at the origin of the actual place-name - Gidleigh. Glover Et al, (1998, p.438) note that the first recorded evidence of Gidleigh was in 1158 when it appears in the Red Book of Exchequer as Geddelagæ. This name consists of a personal and descriptive element, namely, Gydda and leah thus giving, 'Glydda's Clearing'. For some unknown reason they make no mention of the Gidleigh entry in the Domesday Book of 1086. It is only a short record which states, 'Godwin the priest holds Chiderleia from the Count, He held it himself before 1066. It paid tax for 3 furlongs. Land for 1 plough ... Value 5s'. The actual extract can be seen below, (Morris, 1986, p.104c).

After the Norman invasion the manor was give to the Robert, Earl of Mortain for his services to King William and as the Domesday Book records the manor was granted to Godwin the Priest. He himself goes down in Norman history as he was one of only two clerics who held lands prior to 1066 and were allowed to keep them after by the Normans, (Grumley-Grennan and Hardy, 2000, p.10). This suggests that for some reason he managed to find favour or convince them of his worth and loyalty. The next owners of the manor as mentioned above were the Prouz family who held possession through     various generations until it came into the ownership of Sir William Prouz who then built the 'castle'.

Dates of deceased 

DernefordJames (& John Witlegh)Langonet [St Veep]CONesquire1468OabTAPS8 Edw. IV. No. 55Inquisition Post Mortem; new reference Edw. IV. File 30 (55)
DernfordJamesExeter [Exeter St Pancras]DEV1479OabTAPS19 Edw. IV. No. 35Inquisition Post Mortem; new reference Misc. Inquiries 329
DernfordJamesRescradok [St Cleer]CON1479OabTAPS19 Edw. IV. No. 21Inquisition Post Mortem; new reference IPM Edw. 4. File 69 (21)
DernfordStephenPlymouthDEV1388OabTAPS12 Ric. II. No. 142Inquisition Post Mortem; new reference File 407 No. 23
DernfordStephenRameCON1427OabTAPS6 Hen. VI. No. 42Inquisition Post Mortem; new reference Hen. 6. File 34 (42)
DernfordStephenExeter [Exeter St Pancras]DEVesquire1472OabTAPS6 Hen. VI. No. 42Inquisition Post Mortem; new reference Hen. 6. File 34 (42)
[Dernford][TAPS][See Durnford]

Devon (/ˈdɛvən/; archaically known as Devonshire) is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south. It is part of South West England, bounded by Cornwall to the west, Somerset to the northeast, and Dorset to the east. The City of Exeter is the county town; seven other districts of East Devon, Mid Devon, North Devon, South Hams, Teignbridge, Torridge, and West Devon are under the jurisdiction of Devon County Council; Plymouth and Torbay are each a part of Devon but administered as unitary authorities

Devon derives its name from Dumnonia, which, during the British Iron Age and Roman Britain, was the homeland of the Dumnonii Celts. The Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain resulted in the partial assimilation of Dumnonia into the Kingdom of Wessex during the eighth and ninth centuries. The western boundary with Cornwall was set at the River Tamar by King Æthelstan in 936. Devon was constituted as a shire of the Kingdom of England thereafter.

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