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Sunday, November 16, 2014

33.a.b. Philip Medows and Frances Pierrepont - Their children

Philip and Frances  had 5 sons, and 1 daughter all with an interesting history and involved in the British Army



 Evelyn Philip Medows     3 Dec 1736  d  4 July 1826
                                                        Buried Conbolt Hampshire

(Evelyn was the heir of Sir Sidney Medow's will)





He married             25 May 1811       Harriot Maria Noris      b 1736 d of James Norrie
                                                                          She remarried after his death
                                     
                               1830 married Sir Alexander Dickson lived at Charles st Berkley Square

                               1842 married Sir John Campbell still living at Charles St Berkley Square, the                                                home of Sir Sidney Medows.

Records indicate he also married Margaret Cramond daughter of Sir William Cramond

Meadows, Evelyn Philip, Born Dec 03 1736, Died Jul 04 1826. Meadows, Frances ...1g) Evelyn Philip Medows, of Conbolt, Hants (3 Dec 1736-4 Jul 1826); m.1st Margaret Cramond; m.2nd 25 May 1811 Harriot Maria Norie

In 1755 he was made an Ensign 5th Brigade on Foot

Unlike his brothers, the information about Evelyn Philip Medows was very limited.  He was married twice, spent time with the King of Prussia, and married for a second time when he was 70.

However in 1776 he became quite well known for initiating a court case on behalf of his mother against her brother's wife.

And then a search revealed the following story from:



Evelyn Medows and Clara Hayward, 1776 in Town & Country Magazine

Evelyn Philip Medows (1736 to 1826) was featured in a satirical article in Town & Country Magazine in 1776. The series, called "History of the Tête-à-tête", mocked some of the illicit or scandalous love affairs of the day. Each article was accompanied by an engraved portrait of the man and woman involved, in an oval frame, presented facing each other. Many of these portraits have found their way to the British Museum's collection, though currently I can't find this particular set (Numbers IV and V) in the catalogue.

There are a few things I'd like to pass along about this satire.

The reference for the actual article is "History of the Tête-à-tête annexed: or, Memoirs of P_____ M______, Esq; and Miss Clara H_____d. (No. 4, 5)" in The Town and Country Magazine of February 1776, at page 65, with the engravings on the page between 64 and 65. The page with the engravings shows a date of March 1, 1776, but the online version of the magazine is quite clearly the February 1776 issue. It caused me a little confusion when I found the article referred to as being in the March edition, so, don't do what I did and go looking in March. The thing you want is in February.
It's a bit confusing that the man is identified (cryptically but not impenetrably) as Philip Meadows, Deputy Ranger of Richmond Park. Philip Meadows, whose name often uses the Meadows spelling, unlike most other family members, who show as Medows, was the father of Evelyn Philip Medows. Philip Meadows Esquire was born in 1708 and died in 1781.
 His wife, Lady Frances Pierrepont, lived from 1713 to 1795. While it is entirely possible that Philip had a mistress or two in his day (I've seen nothing either way on this), Philip was probably more than 40 years older than Clara Hayward, and at the time of these portraits in 1776, would have been 63 years old. I'm thinking that such a gap in age, had it existed, would have been remarked upon in the satire, and also that this picture looks like a younger man.

Evelyn Philip Medows, on the other hand, lived from 1736 to 1826, making him about 14 years older than Clara and aged 40 during the heyday of their romance. Some records say that Evelyn married Margaret Cramond, and in one of the Duchess of Kingston's letters, she mentions his wife. However, when this marriage occurred and how long it lasted, I don't know. I haven't seen records of any surviving children.

I don't know why Town and Country identified him as Philip Meadows, nor do I know whether Evelyn Medows ever held the position of Deputy Ranger of Richmond Park. It is quite possible that he did: his father had that role, as did his uncle Sidney Medows (from whom Evelyn eventually did inherit a substantial fortune, including his house in Charles Street). 
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, was Prime Minister of Great Britain in 1762-1763, and Ranger of Richmond Park from 1761 (whether until his death in 1792 or some earlier date, I don't know, but he occupied White Lodge in the park during this whole time, apparently).

The Earl of Bute was connected by marriage to the Pierrepont family (notably to Evelyn Pierrepont, Duke of Kingston, brother to Lady Frances Medows nee Pierrepont) and thus to the Medows. Evelyn Medows was the eldest son of Lady Frances, and the eldest nephew of the childless Duke, making him the heir apparent of the Pierreponts.
  It wouldn't surprise me if the Earl favoured him with a home at Richmond Park. However, I have no proof at all that Evelyn was ever the Deputy Ranger. I'm casting about for an explanation as to why Town and Country gave the description they did.

At any rate, the satire tells of how the young man was a favourite hunting companion of the King of Prussia and had visited Voltaire in France. Disappointed in love in England, he took a three-month tour of the country, eventually settling into his post at Richmond Park. He saw the lady on the stage and was smitten; took her to Richmond and there they lived in rural contentment.


There is no question about the Town and Country lady's identity. She is Clara Hayward, an actress about whom I've only found snippets on the Web. In the satire, her story is one of rags to riches, or at least from rags to comfort at the expense of a series of men, including a lawyer and a dashing officer. She appears as a supporting character in a variety of books about the life and times of women in the 18th century and I believe there is much more known about her than I have found in my Web surfing. Here are a few quotes about Clara.

Evelyn Philip Meadows was married to Margaret Crammond. Daughter of Sir William Cramond maybe from Scotland.
The story in Town and Country certainly was of Evelyn not his father.

There  are other discoveries that show he was a Page at Court.

Clara Hayward made her debut at Drury Lane on Oct. 27, 1770; she appeared in a number of roles, with varying success, and after March 1772 her name no longer appears on the Drury Lane playbills (Theatrical Biography, 1772, I, 20-23 …
Clara Hayward (fl. 1770—1772) actress. The 1772 edition of Theatrical Biography reported that Miss Clara Hayward came from an obscure and humble background (her mother dealt in oysters, said the Town and Country Magazine in February 1776).  

She attracted the attention of a young guards officer who initially wished only "temporary gratification," but, charmed with her mind as well as her person, he taught her to read. When he left her, she "fled to her books as an asylum, which she occasionally relieved with a lover." Her reading attracted her to tragedy and to the stage, and through a friend who knew Samuel Foote, she was introduced to theatrical circles. Sheridan "voluntarily became her instructor in the histrionic mysteries," and on 9 July 1770 she made her first appearance on any stage at the Haymarket Theatre playing Calista in The Fair Penitent.


[I am assuming from the context that this part of the quote from the Theatrical Biography (1772) describes her relationship with Evelyn Medows:] She accepted the heart of a young gentleman in the guards, as remarkable for the oddity of his taste in dress, as the delicacy of his person; which last is so remarkable that he has often gone into keeping himself when his finances have run short. Such is her present connexion.

Memoirs of William Hickey (1749 - 1830) Volume 1 mentions Clara Hayward three times, from around 1774.

He refers to her as one of his favourites (among 20 or so) who was, to paraphrase, warmer in bed than one Emily, to whom he is drawing a comparison. (All 20-plus are warmer than Emily.) The timing here seems confusing as in 1772 and 1776, the publications of the day have Clara linked to Evelyn Medows.

In planning a very expensive party to be held at Richmond-upon-Thames, Hickey lists the beautiful ladies he will invite, Clara among them, " … each of whom could with composure carry off her three bottles [of wine]."
In the Morning Post of the 27th of January 1776 there appeared a description of one of the numerous masquerades at the Pantheon in Oxford Street, and as usual the "free and easy" portion of the company was mentioned in the report. Among these were several handsome women, whose names were familiar to everyone.
The "laughter-loving" Clara Hayward, as the newspapers were fond of styling her, had risen to fame half-a-dozen years before, when she appeared as Calista in "The Fair Penitent " at Foote's Theatre in the Haymarket, where she had shown sufficient ability to secure an engagement at Drury Lane ; and now having left the stage she had become a more or less inconstant mistress of Evelyn Meadows, the favourite nephew and presumptive heir of the eccentric Duchess of Kingston.
The graceful Harriet Powell, equally frail and famous, whose winsome face was portrayed in many a mezzotint, had spent her early youth as an inmate of Mrs Hayes's disreputable establishment in King's Place, but now at last she had become faithful to one man, and was keeping house with Lord Seaforth, the creator of a famous regiment.









Charles Medows

Charles the 1st Earl Manvers    4 Nov 1737  d  17 June 1816


Charles Pierrepont, 1st Earl Manvers (4 November 1737 – 17 June 1816) was an English nobleman and naval officer. Born Charles Medows, he was the second son of Philip Medows, deputy ranger of Richmond Park, by his marriage to Lady Frances Pierrepont, daughter of William, Earl of Kingston (1692-1713), the heir apparent of Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull.

Because William predeceased his father, the Dukedom and estates devolved on his son, Evelyn, Lady Frances's brother. He, however, died childless, leaving Charles Medows as the eventual heir to the estates.

Educated at Oxford, Medows became a midshipman in the Royal Navy and was promoted to lieutenant on 7 August 1755. He became a commander on 5 April 1757 in Renown, a 20-gun sloop, but on 17 August the same year was promoted to post-captain in the frigate Shannon, and was ordered to join the Mediterranean Fleet. 

Thoresby 

He commanded her until April 1761, when Vice-Admiral Saunders appointed him to the 50-gun frigate Isis, replacing Captain Edward Wheeler, who had been killed during the capture of the French ship Oriflamme. Medows continued in Isis, in the Mediterranean, until the end of the war in 1763, and in 1769 retired altogether from the Navy.

In 1773, Medows's uncle Evelyn Pierrepont, 2nd Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull, died and left his estates at Thoresby and elsewhere to his wife Elizabeth, Duchess of Kingston, the former wife of the Earl of Bristol.

The duke's nephews challenged the will on the grounds of bigamy, and the proceedings which followed established that the marriage of the Duchess had indeed been bigamous. However, this was found not to affect her inheritance, so she was able to retain the Pierrepont estates until her death, which took place in August 1788.

Upon inheriting the estates, Medows adopted the surname of Pierrepont.

With the patronage of the Duke of Newcastle, Pierrepont was returned as one of the Members of Parliament for Nottinghamshire in December 1778. He continued to sit in the Commons as a knight of the shire until he was ennobled in 1796.

 In Parliament, Pierrepont supported the Duke of Portland, whose influence helped him to be raised to the peerage as Baron Pierrepont, of Holme Pierrepont in the County of Nottingham, and Viscount Newark, of Newark on Trent in the County of Nottingham, on 23 July 1796,and on 1 April 1806 he was promoted to an earldom as Earl Manvers. In the Lords, Manvers supported agricultural reform and was vice-president of the Board of Agriculture in 1803.

He married Anne Orton and had 5 children

He married Anne Orton, daughter of William Mills of Richmond, in 1774. They had five children:

  • Hon. Evelyn Henry Frederick Pierrepont (1775–1801).
  • Charles Herbert Pierrepont, 2nd Earl Manvers (1778–1860).
  • Hon. Henry Manvers Pierrepont (1780–1858).  m Lady Sophia Cecil     *
         *He was the co-heir in his uncle Evelyn Medows' will

The Honourable Henry Manvers Pierrepont (18 March 1780 – 10 November 1851) was an English diplomat. He served as Envoy to the Court of Sweden from 1804 to 1807.Pierrepont was the third son of Charles Pierrepont, 1st Earl Manvers, by Anne, daughter of William Mills, of Richmond, Surrey. Evelyn Pierrepont and Charles Pierrepont, 2nd Earl Manvers, were his elder brothers.


Pierrepont was Envoy to the Court of Sweden from 1804 to 1807. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1807

Pierrepont married Lady Sophia Cecil, daughter of Henry Cecil, 1st Marquess of Exeter, in 1818. They lived at Conholt Park, Wiltshire. Their daughter Augusta Sophia Anne Pierrepont married Major-General Lord Charles Wellesley. Through her, Pierrepont is the maternal grandfather of Henry Wellesley, 3rd Duke of Wellington and Arthur Wellesley, 4th Duke of Wellington. Lady Sophia died in 1823. Pierrepont died in November 1851, aged 71.

His memorial is in St. Edmund's Church, Holme Pierrepont.

  • Hon. Philip Sydney Pierrepont (13 June 1786 – 15 February 1864), of Evenley Hall, Northamptonshire, married on 19 August 1810 Georgiana Browne, died without issue.
         *  He was the next co-heir in his uncle Evelyn Medows' will
  • Lady Frances Augusta Pierrepont (d. 1847), married on 20 October 1802 Admiral William Bentinck (1746–1813), married on 30 July 1821 Henry William Stephens.

He died in 1816 and was buried at Holme Pierrepont.

Earl Manvers was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1806 for Charles Pierrepont, 1st Viscount Newark. He had already been created Baron Pierrepont, of Holme Pierrepont in the County of Nottingham, and Viscount Newark, of Newark-on-Trent in the County
of Nottingham, in 1796

 Both these titles were in the Peerage of Great Britain. Born Charles Medows, he was the second son of Philip Medows, Deputy Ranger of Richmond Park, by Lady Frances Pierrepont, daughter of William Pierrepont, Earl of Kingston (1692–1713), eldest son and heir apparent of Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull.

In 1788 Charles Medows succeeded to the Pierrepont estates on the death of the second Duke's wife, and assumed the same year by Royal sign manual the surname of Pierrepont in lieu of Medows. Manvers's eldest son Evelyn Pierrepont predeceased him and he was succeeded by his second son Charles, the second Earl.

He was a naval commander and Member of Parliament. He was succeeded by his second and only surviving son, Sydney, the third Earl. He represented Nottinghamshire South in Parliament. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Charles, the fourth Earl.

 He sat as Conservative Member of Parliament for Newark. On his death the titles passed to his only son Evelyn, the fifth Earl. He suffered a mental breakdown at the age of 17 and never married.

He was succeeded by his cousin Gervas Pierrepont, the sixth Earl. He was the only son of the Hon. Evelyn Henry Pierrepont (1856–1926), second son of the third Earl. The fifth Earl's only son died as a child and the title became extinct on Lord Manvers's death in 1955.

Other members of the family may also be mentioned. Edward Medows (died 1813), brother of the first Earl, was a Captain in the Royal Navy. Sir William Medows, brother of the first Earl, was a General in the British Army. The Honourable Henry Pierrepont, third son of the first Earl, was a diplomat.

The ancestral seat of the Earls Manvers was Thoresby Hall, near Ollerton, Nottinghamshire. The hall itself, built in the 1860s by the third Earl to the designs of Anthony Salvin. It is now used as a hotel and conference venue. It remained the country residence of the last Countess Manvers until the 1970s, but was subsequently sold by the family after the death of the Countess Manvers in 1984, aged 95. The Thoresby agricultural and forestry estate remains in private hands.


Charles was the second son of Philip Medows, deputy ranger of Richmond Park, and Frances, only daughter of William Pierrepont, Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull. He entered the navy, attaining the rank of post captain, before resigning in 1763.

His uncle the 2nd Duke of Kingston (d 1773) named Charles as his heir in his will. Charles's elder brother Evelyn challenged the will, and initiated the proceedings which eventually found the Duchess of Kingston to be bigamous, but failed to overturn its provisions. Charles succeeded to the duke's estates (though not his title) on the death of the Duchess of Kingston in 1788, and assumed the surname Pierrepont in place of Medows.

Sponsored by the Duke of Newcastle, he became M.P. for Nottinghamshire in 1778. He was not a prominent parliamentarian, but had Whig sympathies and was a supporter of the Duke of Portland, 
whose influence helped him to be raised to the peerage as Baron Pierrepont of Holme Pierrepont and Viscount Newark in 1796. In April 1806 he became Earl Manvers.

He was interested in agricultural reform and was a prime mover behind a large number of enclosure schemes in Nottinghamshire from the 1780s to the 1810s. He became vice-president of the Board of Agriculture in 1803.

Brig General William Medows, Governor of Madras and Bombay

General Sir William Medows KB (31 December 1738 – 14 November 1813) was an Englishman and a general in the British Army.

Military career

Sir William was the son of Philip Medows, deputy ranger of Richmond Park, and Lady Frances Pierrepont, daughter of the Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull.

He entered the British Army as an ensign in the 50th Regiment of Foot in 1756.

In 1760 he went with his regiment to join the allied army under Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick, who as Frederick the Great's lieutenant was defending western Germany against the French. Medows remained in Germany till March 1764.

 In 1769 he obtained the lieutenant-colonelcy of the 5th Regiment of Foot,exchanging in September 1773 into the 12th Light Dragoons.

In 1770, Medows enjoyed a romantic friendship with his second cousin, Lady Louisa Stuart, then aged thirteen, a daughter of John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute. Medows was then forty-one, and Lord Bute considered him unsuitable and put a stop to it. Lady Louisa was bitterly disappointed, and never married.
Later the same year, Medows married another lady, Frances Augusta Hammerton.

In 1775 Medows again exchanged into the 55th Regiment of Foot, which was on the point of starting for America, to act against the revolted colonists. He distinguished himself at the Battle of Brandywine in 1777, and again in the Battle of St. Lucia in 1778.

He returned to Great Britain in 1780, and was now made colonel of the 89th regiment.

 Medows held a high command in the expedition sent out under Commodore Johnstone against the Cape of Good Hope in 1781.A skirmish occurred with the French admiral, Suffren, (also bound for the Cape) at Porto Praya in the Cape Verde Islands on 16 April 1781, and on arriving at the Cape of Good Hope the British found that Suffren had anticipated them and landed such strong reinforcements that an attack would be useless.

Johnstone now decided to return to Europe. Medows, however, having heard that the British in the south of India were being hard pressed by Haider Ali, sultan of Mysore, sailed with three of the ships and a large body of troops to Madras (now Chennai), where he arrived on 13 February 1782.

 He accompanied Colonel William Fullarton in an expedition from Madras against Mysore, but the sudden conclusion of peace soon put a stop to the campaign.

In September 1788 Medows received the posts of Governor of Bombay and commander-in-chief of the Bombay Army. He remained here till January 1790, when he was transferred to become Governor of Madras and commander-in-chief of the Madras Army.

 A war with Tipu Sultan, Hyder Ali's son and successor as sultan of Mysore, had arisen, and Lord Cornwallis, the governor-general, now instructed Medows to open the campaign. Starting from Trichinopoli at the head of fifteen thousand men on 15 June 1790, Medows crossed the frontier into Mysore, and advanced in a westerly direction. On 22 July the army arrived at Coimbatore, which was found evacuated by the enemy.

While he was able to secure the district, he spread his forces too thinly, and Tipu counterattacked against the smaller detachments, and Medows was forced to withdraw his forces to a few strong points in late 1790.

Lord Cornwallis then announced his intention of undertaking sole command of the British army. Medows served under Cornwallis through the campaigns of 1791 to 1792, and commanded the right column in the night attack on the Seringapatam redoubts on 6 February 1792.

 His attack was misplaced; in the dark of night he ended up capturing a different fortification than the one intended; in doing so, he dangerously exposed the British flank. Tipu attacked the weak point, and very nearly recovered his position, slightly wounding Cornwallis in the process.

Tipu eventually sued for peace, and the fighting ended on 25 February while terms were negotiated. 

The next day, Medows attempted suicide, inflicting three bullet wounds on himself. While the reason for this is unknown, Cornwallis never blamed Medows for his actions on 6 February.

Peace was eventually agreed, with Tipu agreeing to the Treaty of Seringapatam on 18 March. Medows resigned the prize-money (nearly £5,000) which fell to his share and distributed it among the troops. He left for Great Britain in August 1792.

Some more information:

On 14 December of that year he was made a Knight of the Bath, on 12 October 1793 he was made a lieutenant-general, and in November 1796 he was appointed to the command of the 7th dragoon guards. 

At the brevet promotion of 1 January 1798 he was made a general and received the post of Lieutenant-Governor of the Isle of Wight. In 1801 he succeeded Cornwallis for a short space as Commander-in-Chief, Ireland.

Sir William Medows Governor and Chief in Command at Bombay 1788 90 and Medras 1790 - 1792

Brigadier General Medows at St Louis with 1300 bayonets they defeated five thousand picket troops of France 1778

And from the book:


In The Thing About Thugs, Amir Ali leaves his village in Bihar to travel to London with an English captain, William Meadows, to whom he narrates the story of his life – the story of a murderous thug. While Meadows tries to analyse the strange cult of the Indian Thug, a group of Englishmen sets out to prove the inherent difference between races by examining their skulls – with bizarre consequences.

Set in Victorian London, this story of different voices from different places draws intricate lines of connection from the nineteenth to the twenty-first century, between England and India, across individual and cultural differences.




Edward Medows            born 1739                  d   Nov 1813         mar. 1785 Mary Brodie

Mary Brodie born 29 October 1765 daughter of James and Mary in St Margaret Westminster

                                                  Probate of will living at Lower Brook St Grosvenor Sq*

Capt Edward Medows RN (d1813),  .Promoted..Royal Lancashire Militia 2nd Battalion  7 Dec 1811

December 7th, Lieutenant Meadow to be Captain v. Bigland promoted, and Ensign
Grundy to be a Lieutenant, vice Meadow, in the 2nd Regiment Royal Lancashire Militia.”
594 b “ December 23rd, George Smith, Esq., to be Captain in the 3rd Regiment Royal
Lancashire Militia.”



He was the Commissioner of taxes in London his addresses include:

Edward Medows, 52 David Street Berkeley Square, gent.
Edward 57 Grafton St Fitzroy Square
He lived at Lower Brook St Grosvenor Square and had a 99 year lease.



It replaces two houses originally erected under building leases of 1724 and first occupied in 1728 and 1731. No. 64 (formerly No. 22B), at the corner, was larger than the adjoining houses, having a three-bay frontage to Brook Street, twenty-five feet wide.

 The entrance was at the side in Davies Street which made possible a more spacious plan. The main front rooms occupied the full width of the house as did the entrance hall and staircase compartment behind. In 1796, during negotiations for the renewal of the lease, the house was surveyed for Edward Meadows, esquire, by Samuel Wyatt, who may have designed 'the improvements' which Meadows was then projecting.


Grosvenor Square/ is a large garden square in the exclusive Mayfair district of London, England. It is the centrepiece of the Mayfair property of the Duke of Westminster, and takes its name from their surname, "Grosvenor".
The north side of Grosvenor Square in the 18th or early 19th century. The three houses at the far left form a unified group, but the others on this side are individually designed. Most later London squares would be more uniform.




Thomas Medows          born 1749  d   1780   Surrey  May have suffered epilepsy Did not marry

                       There is probate of a Will of Thomas Medows in 1776 Perogative Court of Canterbury
                        Left to his wife Elizabeth  Parish of St Luke County of Middlesex

Frances Medows           born 22 Mar 1740   d 1770

     

Frances   married  m  2 Sept 1768  Lieut-Col Alexander Campbell

  •     Son Lieut-Col Henry Frederick Campbell of the 1st Regiment of foot guards
 
Lt.-Col. Alexander Campbell was the son of John Campbell of Cawdor Castle Scotland and Stackpoole Court Pembrooke Lord of the Admiralty and was an MP, and Mary Pryse.
Stackpool Court Pembrooke
Cawdor Castle Scotland



He married Frances Meadows, daughter of Philip Meadows and Lady Frances Pierrepont, on 3 September 1768. He died in November 1785.

Child of Lt.-Col. Alexander Campbell and Frances Meadows

  • General Sir Henry Frederick Campbell b. 10 Jul 1769, d. 2 Sep 1856
He was the only son of Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Campbell (third son of John Campbell of Cawdor) by his wife Frances, daughter of Philip Medows, the deputy ranger of Richmond Park (and son of Sir Philip Medows, knight marshal).

 He was educated at Greenwich from 1778 to 1780, and in November 1785 succeeded his father. On 10 April 1808 he married Emma, daughter of Thomas Williams of Temple House, Berkshire;

He was the only son of Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Campbell (third son of John Campbell of Cawdor) by his wife Frances, daughter of Philip Medows, the deputy ranger of Richmond Park (and son of Sir Philip Medows, knight marshal).

He was educated at Greenwich from 1778 to 1780, and in November 1785 succeeded his father. On 10 April 1808 he married Emma, daughter of Thomas Williams of Temple House, Berkshire; they had one son, George Herbert Frederick Campbell, and two daughters, Henrietta Frances Campbell and Frances Augusta Campbell.

His wife had three sons from her previous marriage to Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Knox, a nephew of Thomas Knox, 1st Viscount Northland.


He died on 2 September 1856 at age 87.

He was invested as a Knight Commander, Order of the Bath (K.C.B.). He was invested as a Knight Grand Cross, Hanoverian Order (G.C.H.).

Children of General Sir Henry Frederick Campbell and Emma Williams
  • Frances Augusta Campbell                                                d. 29 May 1878
  • Colonel George Herbert Frederick Campbell         b. 19 Jun 1811


In 1792 Campbell succeeded his maternal uncle Charles Pierrepont in the sinecure post of prothonotary to the Palace Court; he would hold the office until the Court was abolished in 1849.

(Chief clerk)

From 1796 to 1802 and from 1806 to 1807 he was Member of Parliament for Nairnshire, returned through the influence of his cousin John Campbell, 1st Baron Cawdor.

From about 1809 he was a groom of the bedchamber to King George III, continuing in the same post at the King's court at Windsor during the Regency. He was secretary and comptroller to Queen Charlotte from 1817 to 1818, and was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order in 1818.


The Royal Guelphic Order (German: Guelphen-Orden), sometimes also referred to as the Hanoverian Guelphic Order, is a Hanoverian order of chivalry instituted on 28 April 1815 by the Prince Regent (later George IV).  

It has not been conferred by the British Crown since the death of King William IV in 1837, when the personal union of the United Kingdom and Hanover ended.













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