Information from many sources notes that Mary Creagh married Dominick Archdeacon a merchant from Cork. They had a son named William.
Who was Dominick Archdeacon? With research, my aim has always to prove the facts or information, but it has been impossible to find anything at all about Dominick Archdeacon.
But knowing that families of the "upper" echelon seemed to either arrange a marriage with another of the same standing, or from someone known to the family, my first thoughts were that being Irish, from Cork he must have known Sir William Creagh.
Sir William's grandmother was Margaret Archdeacon.
- Christopher Creagh
- Michael Creagh * Father of Sir William Creagh
- Colonel John Creagh He gained the rank of Colonel in 1642 in the service of
- the Army of Confederate Catholics.
- William Creagh b. 1594, d. 1670
Searching information reveals so many interesting facts about the Irish, King James II and the merchants who traveled the world to obtain goods, often carrying out some practices to avoid paying customs fees. As Mary's brother in law was one such customs officer, perhaps Dominick sailed on ships to Newcastle, and chose Mary as his bride.
The only problem is that there are no records at all on-line, indicating such a marriage certainly not in England, and then Cork was a long way from Newcastle, had Mary traveled over there?
Back to Mary Creagh.
The family seemed to be living in London around 1705. Francis was apprenticed as a draper, Anthony and Margeret were married in London in 1707, And Mary was living in the St Giles in the Field parish in 1741.
There is evidence of a rift within the family, as in 1714 Mary who was a spinster, was suing her brother Francis Creagh, her sister Sarah Creagh, Anthony Isaacson husband of her sister Margaret, her sister Margaret, and Christopher Mountague (who was a Commissioner of Revenue of Excise), and a George Isaacson.
(The only reference I have found of George Isaacson is from 1701 Archives;Treasury warrant to the Customs Commissioners to employ George Isaacson as a landwaiter London port loco Michael Whittell deceased. Out Letters (Customs) XIV, p. 130.
The records can be searched at the Archives in Kew.
Short title: Creagh v Creagh. Plaintiffs: Mary Creagh spinster, of St Giles in the Field, ...
...Creagh v Creagh. Plaintiffs: Mary Creagh spinster, of St Giles in the Field, Middlesex . Defendants: Francis Creagh linen draper , of London , Sarah Creagh spinster, George Isaacson , Anthony Isaacson , of Newcastle ...
Collection: Records created, acquired, and inherited by Chancery, and also of the Wardrobe, Royal Household, Exchequer and various commissions Date range: 01 January 1714 - 31 December 1714 Reference:C 6/391/18 Subjects:Litigation
Short title: Creagh v Creagh.
Plaintiffs: Mary Creagh spinster, of St Giles in the Field, Middlesex.
Defendants: Francis Creagh linen draper, of London, Sarah Creagh spinster, George Isaacson, Anthony Isaacson, of Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, Margaret Isaacson (alias Margaret Creagh) his wife and Christopher Mountague.
Subject: The plaintiff's portion from the will of Mary Creagh (alias Mary Blackett) his wife, deceased, her late mother and a legacy from the will of Dame Mary Blackett, deceased, her late grandmother: mentions Sir William Creagh, of Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, intestate, husband of Mary Creagh.
Document type: bill, answer.
|Date:||1714 Held at National Archives Kew.|
She was challenging the legacy of her mother's will, as it appears she did not inherit from either her mother's estate nor that of her grandmother, John Rogers I wife, Mary who then married Sir William Blackett.
Mary BLACKETT, widow, of towne and county of Newcastle upon Tine [Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland]
Date of probate: 12 September 1709
- commission, 2 March 1709 (DPRI/3/1709/B118/2)
commission to swear oath executed 12 September 1709
- administration bond, 12 September 1709 (DPRI/3/1709/B118/1)
Sir William CREAGH, of towne and county of Newcastle upon Tyne [Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland]
Date of probate: 25 March 1704
- administration bond, 25 March 1704 (DPRI/3/1704/B1/1-2)
Date of probate: 14 July 1748
- will, 12 September 1747 (DPRI/1/1748/C11/1-2)
with codicil, undated
Date of death: 30 May 1671
Date of probate: 1673
- will, 30 May 1671 (DPRI/1/1673/R9/1-2)
- registered copy of will, 30 May 1671 (DPRI/2/9 f01v-102r)
- inventory, 6 January 1674 (DPRI/1/1673/R9/3)
with legatee's receipt, 9 January 1674, actual total £565 1s
inventory, subscribed with 9 Jan 1674 receipt of a legatee (also acting as executrix)
- bond, 1673 (DPRI/3/1673/B249)
My Irish Family History website advises: Please note that there are no birth, death or marriage records before 1700 or after about 1920.
So back to Ireland
Dominick Archdeacon was a merchant in Cork, born around 1659. The following stories about the success of the Archdeacon in that period are certainly very interesting.
The name was widely known 300 years ago, but is not so common any more, however there are families all over the world.
The 17th century finds the name of Archdeacon in County Cork. In 1659 the name is foundin the Barony of Kierycurrihy and elswhere
The Archdeacons appear to have come to Ireland from England, and of interest is a property outside Cork. (From the Cork Archives)
The Archdeacons were a very ancient Catholic family in the county of Galway. Previous to 1218, Sir Stephen ‘Archdeken’, Knt. endowed the Abbey of St Thomas in Dublin. In 1309 Maurice Archdeacon had livery of his estates in Ireland; and in a short before that John, Maurice Sylvester and William le Ercedekne were summoned by King Edward II as Fideles of Ireland, to the Scottish wars. In 1310 Raymond Lercedekene was summoned to, and sat in, a parliament held at Kilkenny. In 1355 Sir Richard le Ercedecyne, or Archdeacon, was appointed one of the “guardians of the Peace” for that county.
In 1585 Robert Archdeacon was one of the representatives of Ennistiogue in the Parliament held by Sir John Perrott, the Lord Deputy, and in 1589 Sir Nicholas Archdeacon was killed in a tournament. In 1610 Richard Archdeacon of Corballymore, county of Wexford, had a confirmatory grant thereof, “with courts leet and baron”. In 1611 he also received a confirmatory grant of the manor of Bawnmore and Kilmurry, with certain rights in the borough of Thomastown, all the latter premises being in the county of Kilkenny.
In 1667 a Richard Archdeacon received a confirmatory grant of various lands in the same county, and in ten years after Nicholas Archdeacon, ancestor of the Lord Bishop of Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora, passed patent for about 1,000 acres in the county of Galway.
In the charter granted by James II, to Kilkenny in 1687, John Archdeacon was one of the Aldermen, John Archdeacon Junior Sheriff, and Peter Archdeacon Chamberlain. This Alderman Archdeacon was in 1698 elected Mayor of Kilkenny. The Lord Bishops ancestor, Nicholas Archdeacon Esq., was a cornet in the gallant Lord Clare’s famous Yellow Dragons during the Great War of the Revolution in Ireland.
There was also an Archdeacon an Ensigm in Colonel Graces infantry, another was captain in Lord Kenmares, while Redmond Archdeacon was a Lieutenant in Lord Galways. Cornet Nicholas Archdeacon according to the description given of him in the Inquisition of Outlawry, in 1691, was “of the county of Cork”, yet it appears by the records of the county that he was “seised of various lands in the county of Galway”, which were the subject of a marriage settlement in 1699.
Lieutenant Redmond Archdeacon is styled in his attainder as of “Tristane in the county of Galway”.
There was also attained by Government in 1691, James Archdeacon of Kilmosheer; Henry Archdeacon, of the city of Cork, and John Archdeacon on Monkstown, in the same county - at which place a castle had been erected at an early period by one of his ancestors.
This article provided some information, John Archdeacon of Monkstown was Alderman in 1687, and Henry Archdeacon was also living in Cork.
The castle: www.travelmania-ireland.com
From: Irish and Scottish Mercantile Networks in Europe and Overseas in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries.
and Bourkes, established a tradition of Irishmen holding the Jamaica’s highest legal offices.
Coming from a Catholic background, to achieve these positions they had to conform to the
established church, but Protestantism in the Caribbean was always less severely demanding
than in the mainland colonies. Legal office opened the way to the easy acquisition of land
for plantations so that all these families emerged as rich slave owners.
In 1752 the heiress Elizabeth Kelly, daughter of Denis Kelly of Lisaduff, County Galway and Chief Justice of Jamaica, married into the Brownes of Westport, County Mayo, thus aiding their rise to Viscounts of Altamont and Earls of Sligo. Irish names on the island continued to mount among the
substantial planter class, O’Hara, O’Conner, Talbot, Coulthurst, Herbert, Gregory, Martin,
Madden, Forde, Richards, Dobbs, and de la Touche.
Irish settlements in the West Indies were established in the late 1600's, and later in our ancestry there are links to the Blake family, one of the 14 Tribes of Galway.
At the time thousands of Irish girls were sent to the West Indies, and the traders introduced slaves from Africa.
So it is established that John and Henry Archdeacon were involved in trading all over the world.
Dominick was born around 1689, however a William Archdeacon was born in 1685 and he lived to Ghent where he lived with his family.
An Irish harper on the continent: portrait of Cork merchant William Archdeacon with his family (c. 1750), from painting in private collection, Ghent.
Trying to place either William or Dominick into the family lineage is just not possible!
Another member of the family was Edmund Archdeacon who lived in Dunkirk. Archive searches reveal:
His inventory of estate covers 11 pages which deal with the goods that are in the warehouse and in his basement. Archdeacon was for instance trading oil from Seville, tobacco, cognac and wine.
Furthermore, details from the “Geheime Raad”, an official body of the government, have been admitted in the database. They also contain information about “Irish Ostenders”, their integration into the local community and their participation in the local magistrate.
One most also mention the magnificent genealogical pedigrees of the Irish merchants Nicolas Ley and William Archdeacon found in the city archives of Bruges . Next to their easthetical value, they reveal precious information about kinship.
The last type of source that can be mentioned are documents drawn up by the Admiralty. Especially in the privateering business Irishmen were prominent, so they frequently turn up as shipowners. Furthermore they were present at prize auctions and are noted as buyers
William Archdeacon (1685–1759) had established a family business network by the 1730s which linked his native Cork with Rotterdam in the Netherlands, Dunkirk inFrance, Bruges in Belgium, and Cádiz in Spain. Living on the Continent, like many wealthy Irish émigrés he prided himself on his Irish identity, symbolising it here by an Irish harp (at a time when the traditional instrument was in terminal decline in his homeland).
This image has emerged to public view in a National Library of Ireland exhibition Strangers to Citizens: The Irish in Europe 1600–1800 which will be on display until late 2009 at 2–3 Kildare St, Dublin 2 (see www.nli.ie). The painting is reproduced in colour in a book of the same title which accompanies the exhibition – ISBN 978-0-907328-64-3 (pb.) and 65-0 (hb.).
(caption) Courtesy private owner of painting and National Library of Ireland, per Irish Traditional Music Archive
- See more at: http://journalofmusic.com/focus/william-archdeacon#sthash.aBZALvfI.dpuf