He entered the Royal Marines in 1851 and appointed to the Royal Marine Artillery in 1852. During the Crimean War he served on HMS James Watt in the Baltic and was present at the siege of and surrender of the Forts of Bomarsund in the Åland Islands off the south-west coast of Finland
The Battle of Bomarsund was fought by an Anglo-French task force against Russian defenses at Bomarsund during the Crimean War
During the battle, Charles Davis Lucas tossed overboard a shell which had landed on board. The shell exploded before it reached water. For saving his ship he was the first man to be awarded the Victoria Cross
He served briefly with the 2nd Company of the Royal Sappers and Miners.
He served with the Baltic Expedition in 1855, and was in command of a mortar in the flotilla during the bombardment of Sveaborg.”
|Russian Mortar at the Fort|
He subsequently served on HMS Forth until 1856. In 1862 he was promoted to Captain. From Sept. 1867 to May 1870 he was Staff Captain, Royal Marine Artillery and appointed to Superintendent of Artificers.
He was in charge of all public works in progress at Eastney Barracks and Fort Cumberland. He was promoted to Brevet-Major in 1872 and promoted to (honorary) Lieutenant-Colonel on May 8, 1877 at his retirement.
Fort Cumberland is a pentagonal artillery fortification erected to guard the entrance to Langstone Harbour, east of the naval port of Portsmouth on the south coast of England. It was sited to protect the Royal Navy Dockyard, by preventing enemy forces from landing in Langstone Harbour and attacking from the landward side. Fort Cumberland is widely recognised as the finest example of a bastion trace fort in England.
|This print is attributed to Col Durnford 1854 Bomerusnd|
He married Julia Penrice on 3rd March 1859 in Norfolk.
And now for some more family jigsaw puzzle connections!
Julia's parents were
John Penrice and Maria Catherine Jarrett.
John's father Thomas Penrice was a surgeon-apothocary and he inherited inherited the bulk of the fortune -of an acquaintance at least £300,000 and seems to have put it to good use. A later source describes him as a man who had “been blessed with a natural strong mind improved by a good education .
John Prenice joined the King’s Regiment of Light Dragoons, which later became the King’s Regiment of Hussars. He took part in Sir John Moore’s Corunna campaign in Spain in 1808-09, where he saw plenty of action under Lord Paget, later 1st Marquess of Anglesey. During the retreat to Corunna, John Penrice was “taken ill with a fever” and “had to be left behind near Villafranca”. He “fell into the hands of the French under Marshal Soult, who sent him to Verdun, in France, where he was detained a prisoner of war for several years.” He seems to have been released by 1813, when he became a captain, “and retired from the service about the latter part of the year 1815.”
John Penrice was a Captain, 15th Hussars. They lived at Great Yarmouth; Witton House, Norfolk. and he died in 1844.
Maria Catherine Jarrett was the daughter of Herbert Newton Jarrett and Maria Berners. Maria died 1867. The Jarrett family owned estates in Jamaica at Orange Valley.
Julia was one of a number of children:
1. Major John PENRICE JP, DL . Born on 5 Dec 1818. John died on 12 Oct 1892; He was a Major, Norfolk Artillery and they lived in Great Yarmouth m Charlotte Ann Cobb. Charlotte died in 1887
|Rank Last Held:||Sergeant Major|
|Forename(s):||Henry Theodore Penrhys|
|First Known Rank:||Sergeant|
|Next of Kin:||W.H. Penrhys Evans, Bombay, Auckland, New Zealand|
|Enlistment Address:||Bombay, Auckland, New Zealand|
|Body on Embarkation:||2nd Reinforcements|
|Embarkation Unit:||Auckland Mounted Rifles|
|Embarkation Date:||14 December 1914NZMRA Members and members of the public are invited to add material to
these photographs taken by Trooper Foote during his involvement in the
Sinai Campaign beginning in 1916. Photographs from the camera of Trooper Fredrick Foote, Signaller with the Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment, NZMR Brigade. The images below reproduced from a "Eastman Negative Album"
containing 100 x negatives, unfortunately not all the negatives survived
the 90 odd year ordeal in storage, so not all the negatives made it to
this display. Some strips were blacked out, others changed to become
clear pieces of Celluloid. However the majority were able to be viewed,
although even some of these are showing the effects of time.|
Fred itemized each of the negatives with a reference comment in the album's numbered record sheets in the front of the folder and each of these comments is notated below in bold type. Other comments are from NZMR members.
What an amazing find, photographs that were so old, depicting Amy Life.
The website has heaps of information about the Penrice family They do have a photo attributed to Edward Congreave Durnford, which seems to be of Anthony William Durnford, his brother unless they look very alike. This one though is from a portrait, AWD's photos are all military!
Edward Congreave Durnford and Julia Penrice's children:
1.2.1 Julia Mabel Durnford born 6 May 1861 d Feb 1952 She married Arthur Lydekker in Harpenden Hertfordshir 10t August 1882.
1.2.2 Edward William Durnford born 1863 died 1863
1.2.3 Edward Francis Penrice Durnford born July 1865 died December 1954 in
1.2.4 Maria Catherine Durnford born 1867 died 1867
National Maritime Museum in Greenwich holds a collection of his items, they are not on display.
(Suggest anyone checks with the museum if wanting to see any of their collections, we went, and nothing that was supposed to be there on our list was, and on a Bank Holiday information is limited)
|Description||Royal Marines sword, which belonged to Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Congreve Langley Durnford (active 1851-1877). The hilt of the sword consists of a steel open half-basket guard, with three bars, a fluted pommel and a plain back. The black fish-skin grip is bound with twisted silver wire. The slightly curved steel blade has a flat back and a wide groove extending to within 260mm of the double-edged spear point. The obverse of the blade is engraved with the words 'Royal Marine Artillery' on a garter surrounding a grenade, with a crown and a lion above, and further decoration above and below. The reverse of the blade is engraved on the shoulder with the words 'DUDLEY, Grand Parade, PORTSMOUTH', and decorated with a crown over the Royal cipher 'VR', with further decoration above and below. The steel scabbard has two bands with rings and a shoe. The reverse of the scabbard is engraved with the words 'DUDLEY, Grand Parade, PORTSMOUTH'. Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Congreve Langley Durnford (active 1851-1877) became a 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Marines on the 30th December 1851. On the 8th January 1853 he became a 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Marine Artillery. He was promoted to the rank of 1st Lieutenant on the 24th February 1854, to Captain on the 27th March 1862, to Brevet Major on the 14th September 1875 and retired as a Lieutenant-Colonel on the 8th May 1877.|
|Description||Tunic of Lieutenant-Colonel E.C.L. Durnford, Royal Marine Artillery. The tunic is of blue wool and has a standup collar of buckram faced with red wool and edged with gold lace. There is heavy gold piping around the upper and lower edges of the collar. There is a silver threadwork badge of an exploding grenade on either side of the collar which is for Artillery. Both shoulders have plaited gold shoulder straps with rank badges. The sleeves are heavily decorated with gold frogging. The tunic is single-breasted and closes with eight gilt brass buttons with Royal Marines Artillery insignia. The edges of the tunic are piped with red wool. There is a large brass hook at the waist for the sabretache. There are no exterior pockets. On the back are two hip buttons of gilt brass with Royal Marines Artillery insignia. The tunic is lined with black silk sateen and the chest and back are padded and quilted. The waistband is of glazed leather and the interior pockets are lined with brown wool/silk twill. The sleeves are lined with black and white stripped silk and the cuff lined with black silk.|
He is buried at St Nicholas Churchyard
|Crimea Medal in Museum|
St Albans District
So many of these family members shared a common background, whether it be estates in West Indies, service in the Military, in particular India, living with their family in foreign lands, choosing marriage with others of a similar rank or ilk, either from the Military or Clergy.
Then their children followed in their footsteps, particularly the sons, as very few women were in the military until Florence Nightingale pioneered in the Crimea War.
About the name Congreave. What relationship to the Durnford's was a Congreave? Did he feature in the maternal lines? but that proved not to be.
However, William Congreve was responsible for using rockets to assist in warfare.
The Indian Forces were using rockets,
|Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan organized Rocket|
artillery brigades, or Cushoons, against the British East India Company during the Anglo-Mysore Wars.
In the Third Anglo-Mysore War of 1792, there is mention of two rocket units fielded by Tipu Sultan, 120 men and 131 men respectively. Lt. Col. Knox was attacked by rockets near Srirangapatna on the night of 6 February 1792, while advancing towards the Kaveri river from the north. The Rocket Corps ultimately reached a strength of about 5000 in Tipu Sultan's army. Mysore rockets were also used for ceremonial purposes. When the Jacobin Club of Mysore sent a delegation to Tipu Sultan, 500 rockets were launched as part of the gun salute.
He began in 1804 by buying the best rockets on the London market, but found that their greatest range was only 600 yards. He knew that Indian princes had equipped their armies with rockets which would travel much farther than this.
After spending ‘several hundred pounds’ of his own money on experiments he was able to make a rocket that would travel 1,500 yards. He now ‘applied to Lord Chatham ( the responsible minister in charge of the Ordnance Department) for permission to have some large rockets made at Woolwich’.
Permission was granted and ‘several six-pounder rockets’ made ‘on principles I had previously ascertained’ achieved a range of ‘full two thousand yards’.
By the spring of 1806 he was producing 32-pounder rockets ranging 3,000 yards. Congreve enjoyed the friendship of the Prince Regent, who supported his rocket projects, and in whose household he served as an equerry from 1811.
In 1813 he declined the offer to command of the Rocket Corps, with rank in the Regiment of Artillery.
Another of our extended family was also in the same Corps.