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Wednesday, April 1, 2015

43.1.a Anzac Centenary Remembering those Durnfords who fought in World War1 - United Kingdom, Canada and Australia

All Quiet on the Western Front - 

Nowadays a famous saying, a title, but between August 1914 and November 1918, that was not so.

A cold harsh land, laced by trenches, duck boards and barbed wire. A killing field. A place like no other.  Bravery and courage, new words in our vocabulary.  Of bombings, and tunnels, of trenches so close together.  Of winning a battle and moving the line today, only to lose it tomorrow in another gun fight.

Of pain and suffering, horrific injuries, loss of limbs and sight.  Not knowing if they would live to see the morning sunrise, some hoping they wouldn't.

Forever to be affected by what they did and and had seen, not being understood by those around them. Shell shocked, to those who cut off their fingers, simply to go home, to be able to get away from the stench of death and disease.

Of some who were tried and shot by their own, their desperation written on the walls of a cell.

Of towns and villages who lost the men that made them.  Children without fathers, mothers without sons, sisters without brothers.  Of nurses, responsible for their needs and comfort, of doctors operating in terrible conditions.

Death and suffering, went hand in hand.  Forever wet and cold, then the frightful gassing.  But they fought on and on, without giving up hope.  Would it ever end?   But it did.


It is here that our Durnford cousins fought, under extreme conditions, away from home and those they loved.  Boys became old men overnight.

They knew the meaning of courage, and bravery and for that they earned our respect.









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May They Be in our Thoughts and Forever Remembered.


1.A A Durnford 10459  Gunner  1916  Royal Field Artillery

Drafted to the Western Front took part in many engagements including Ypres and Somme where he was wounded.  He was sent to Salonika and then Egypt. Awarded the Military Medal for gallantry and devotion to duty.  1914 Star and General Service and Victory Medals still serving 1920 14 Grove St Chapel Southampton


Albert Charles George Durnford Wales Z/3884  Able Seaman  1918

Albert Durnford  Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank: Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal  Regiment or Corps:  South Wales Borderers Regimental Number:  39476
Previous Units:  Mon R. Pte 2920 Infantry Base Depot., 2/S. Wales Bord. 39476, S. Wales Bord. Infantry Base Depot., 2/S. Wales Bord., S. Wales Bord. att Reinf. Camp, 2/S. Wales Bord.

A C Durnford  Military Year:  1914-1915  Rank:  Private  Medal Awarded:  1914-15 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Army Service Corps  Regimental Number:  S4/093354   died Dec 1948 Cardiff


3. Albert Edward Durnford  Military Year:  1914-1920  Rank: Private  Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal  Regiment or Corps:  Army Service Corps
Regimental Number:  DM2/169497  Previous Units:  R.A.S.C. DM2/169497 Private

4. Alfred Ernest Robert Durnford Birth Place:  Carlton, Victoria Dossier Year Range:  1914-1920
Enlistment Place:  Melbourne, Victoria Service number:  4187 Next of Kin:  Lucy Mary Durnford


5. Alfred Durnford  Military Year:  1914-1920  Rank: Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal  Regiment or Corps:  Royal Army Medical Corps Regimental Number:  88879
Previous Units:  88879 RAMC Pte.


Alfred Durnford was from 19 Lower Mortlake Road Richmond in Surrey, he was born 1886.  He joined on 22nd April 1915.   He was discharged in February 1919  He was shot in the right arm and he received a pension of 3/- per week for 26 weeks.  His mother was Sarah.





6.  Andrew Durnford 644007  Private  1917  Canadian Infantry

Andrew Durnford  Date of birth 2 April 1897  Labourer Father William Durnford Coldwater Regimental number 644007, 853780  Born Coldwales, Simsae County
Killled in Action  9 April 1917 During the attack at Vimy Ridge, he was instantly killed by enemy machine gun fire

7.Andrew Montagu Durnford  Reg No  853780  Reg 177th Battalion  Born 24 Nov 1887
Petietang, Ontario  RESIDENCE: Railway Agent his wife Mrs Norma Durnford Collingwood, Ontario   Buried All Saints Anglican Cemetery d 1968

8. Arthur Durnford  Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank: Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Hampshire Regiment Regimental Number:  355264
Previous Units:  1/9th. Hants. Pte. No.475

9. Arthur Albert Durnford  Military Year: 1914-1915 Rank: Gunner Medal Awarded:  1914-15 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Artillery (Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery)
Regimental Number:  10459  Sub Unit:  Royal Field Artillery         d 1991 Southampton

10.Arthur Cyril Durnford  Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Private
Medal Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Army Service Corps
Regimental Number:  S4/093354  Previous Units:  R.A.S.C. S4/093354 Private.

11. Arthur George Durnford Birth Place:  Somerset, England Dossier Year Range:  1914-1920
Enlistment Place: Brisbane, Queensland Service number:  2106 Next of Kin:  Mrs E Durnford


12.  B Durnford  Lieutenant  1917  Royal Fusiliers (City Of London Regiment)

B Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  2nd Lieutenant Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal  Regiment or Corps:  Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)


B Durnford Military Year:  1914 Rank: Corporal Medal Awarded:  1914 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the Line Regimental Number:  7341
Sub Unit:  15th (The King's) Hussars

13. Beatrice E Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank: Nurse Medal Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  British Committee, French Red Cross


B D Durnford 7341  Sergeant  1915  15th (The King's) Hussars

Bernard Durnford Military Year: 1914-1920 Rank: Sergeant Medal Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the Line
Regimental Number: 7341 Sub Unit 15th (The King's) Hussars Previous Units:15th Hussars. 7341. Sgt.


14.  C M Durnford  Second Lieutenant  1915  Reserve Of Officers

C M P Durnford  Lieutenant  1919  153rd Infantry
C M P Durnford  Temporary Captain  1920  Iraq Command
C M P Durnford  Captain  1919  Indian Army
C. Durnford 19367  Clerk 1st Class  1918


15. David Charles Durnford  21 Feb 1886   Born Market Drayton Shropshire
Regimental number 340401
Battalion Number --
RESIDENCE:   575 Harmond St, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States of America
Sister Jennie Wilkinson 9 Kirk st Portsmouth    Groom and Riding instructor


16. E A A Durnford Military Year:  1914 Rank:  Gunner Medal Awarded:  1914 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Artillery (Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery)
Regimental Number:  74583 Sub Unit:  Royal Field Artillery


17.  Edmund George Durnford T/261335  Lance Corporal  1918  Royal Army Service Corps

Edmund Durnford Birth Place:  Castle Cary, Som Residence:  Midsomer Norton
Death Date:  18 Apr 1918 Death Place:  Home Enlistment Place:  Midsomer Norton
Rank:  DVR. Regiment:  Army Service Corps Regimental Number:  T/261335
Type of Casualty:  Died Theatre of War:  Home

    Son of Edmund George and Eliza Durnford; husband of Bessie Durnford, of 6, Rock Rd., Midsomer Norton.
MIDSOMER NORTON (ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST) CHURCH CEMETERY




18. Edward Harvey Felton Durnsford Birth Place:  Nebo, Queensland Dossier Year Range:1914-1920
Enlistment Place:  Mackay, Queensland Service number:  3356 Next of Kin:  Sarah Ann Godikeen
 47th Infantry Battalion, AIF WW1


19  Eric Charles Durnford 3289  Private  1916  Royal Warwickshire Regiment

E C Durnford Military Year:  1914-1915 Rank:  Private Medal Awarded:  1914-15 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Warwickshire Regiment Regimental Number:  3289

Eric Charles Durnford Residence:  Bamford, Derby Death Date:  7 Jun 1916
Death Place:  France and Flanders Enlistment Place:  Aston, Birmingham
Rank:  Private Regiment:  Royal Warwickshire Regiment
Battalion:  1st 8th Territorial Battalion Regimental Number:  3289 Type of Casualty: Died of wounds
Theatre of War:  Western European Theatre

Eric Charles Durnford Age:  19 Birth Date:  abt 1897 Death Date:  7 Jun 1916
Cemetery:  Couin British, New British and Communal Cemeteries Burial Country:  France
Father:  Henry William Durnford Mother:  Ada Maud Durnford
Regiment:  Royal Warwickshire Regiment Regimental Number:  3289 Region or Memorial:  France
I. A. 3.  COUIN BRITISH CEMETERYSon of Henry William and Ada Maud Durnford, of 3, Grant's Crescent, Seaham Harbour, Co. Durham. Native of Rowsley, Derbyshire. Employee of General Electrical Lighting Co., Witton, Birmingham.


20. Eric Thomas Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Driver
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Army Service Corps Regimental Number: T/34690 Previous Units:  R.A.S.C. T/34690 Driver.  d 1970 Wiltshire


21. Ernest Alfred Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Gunner
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Garrison Artillery Regimental Number:  201618 Previous Units:  Royal Field Artillery 74583 Gnr.


22  Ernest Wellington Durnford 514003  Private  1918  Canadian Infantry

Ernest Wellington Durnford   Born 28th August 1898  Pattern Cutter Mother Kate Durnford Toronto
Regimental number 514003
Battalion Number --
Sturgeon Bay, Ontario, Canada
RESIDENCE: 40 Armstrong AvenueToronto, Canada
Killed in Action -10 Aug 1918  During an action in the vicinity of Rosieres when under a terrific enemy machine gun barrage, he was struck by a bullet in the chest, near the heat and almost immediately killed. He was unconscious during the short interval between the injury and his death.
Parents James Henry Durnford and Katie Thomley
VIMY MEMORIAL


The Canadian National Vimy Memorial is a memorial site in France dedicated to the memory of Canadian Expeditionary Force members killed during the First World War. It also serves as the place of commemoration for First World War Canadian soldiers killed or presumed dead in France who have no known grave. The monument is the centrepiece of a 100-hectare (250-acre) preserved battlefield park that encompasses a portion of the ground over which the Canadian Corps made their assault during the Battle of Vimy Ridge, a military engagement fought as part of the Battle of Arras.



23. F Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Lance Corporal Medal Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Military Police Corps
Regimental Number:  P9280 Sub Unit:  Foot Branch Previous Units:  P9280 L Cpl M.F.P.

24.F Durnford Military Year:  1914 Rank:  Private Medal Awarded:  1914 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Hertfordshire Regiment Regimental Number: 2284
Sub Unit:  1/1st Battalion

25.F A Durnford Military Year:  1914-1915 Rank: Gunner Medal Awarded:  1914-15 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers Regimental Number:  L/30240 Previous Units:154 Bde R.F.A

26.  F H Durnford  Reverend  1914  Australian Chaplains' Department
  Francis Henry Durnford  Chaplain 4th Class  1917  Australian Army Chaplains Dept
Francis Henry Durnford Rank:  Captain Dossier Year Range:  1914-1920    Aust
Next of Kin:  Miss R Durnford  22nd Australian AIF Australian Chaplains Department
Embarked on 16th July 1915 from Melbourne to HMAT Demosthenes.  He had been an Anglican Minister in Burra South Australia.     His story is included in the Anzac post.
Private Record
"Memorandum of a chaplain's point of view", a thoughtful examination of the chaplain's role in the army, July 1915 - September 1919.
www.awm.gov.au/collection/1DRL/0628



27.  F J Durnford  Captain  1917  Northamptonshire Regiment

F J Durnford Military Year: 1914-1920 Rank:  Captain Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Northamptonshire Regiment

F J Durnford Military Year:  1914-1915 Rank:  2nd Lieutenant
Medal Awarded:  1914-15 Star Regiment or Corps:  Royal Warwickshire Regiment
F J Durnford  Lieutenant  1918 
17  F J Durnford  2nd Lieutenant  1914  Northamptonshire Regiment


28  F J Durnford  Lieutenant  1918  Royal Navy
29  F.H Durnford  Reverend  1915  Army Postal Corps
30  F.P. Durnford 218196  Air Mechanic 3rd Class  1918  Royal Air Force

31.Francis Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  The Royal Welsh (Welch) Fusiliers
Regimental Number:  12920 Previous Units:  9 R.W. Fus. Pte. 12920

32.Francis Herbert Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Sergeant
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Army Medical Corps
Regimental Number:  78899 Previous Units:  78899 RAMC Sgt.

33.Frederick Henry Durnford  Father Abbot Durnford and mother Emma


34.  Fred R. Durnford 2631  Private  1917  Royal Newfoundland Regiment

Fred R Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Regimental Number:  2631
Fred R Durnford Age:  19 Birth Date:  abt 1898 Death Date:  20 Nov 1917
20 November 1917 at the Battle of Marcoing in France. He was 19
Cemetery:  Marcoing Brit Cemetery Burial Country:  France
Father:  John R S Durnford Mother:  Mary Durnford Rencontre, Hermitage Bay, Newfoundland.Regiment:  Royal Newfoundland Regiment Regimental Number:  2631 Region or Memorial:  France
II. G. 7.  MARCOING BRITISH CEMETERY

Marcoing is a village 7 kilometres south-west of Cambrai and the village of Masnieres is 5 kilometres south-east of Marcoing. Masnieres British Cemetery is 3 kilometres due east of Marcoing in the middle of fields with access by a small track.


35.Frederick Harold Durnford b 20 April 1885  Bookkeeper  Father Frederick Andrew Durnford 40 Corlands Road Bournmouth Regimental number 704057 Battalion Number 102nd Surbiton, Surrey, England  RESIDENCE: Victoria, British Columbia


                   
36.  Frederick J Durnford  Lieutenant  1918  HMS Emperor Of India
       Frederick John Durnford  Lieutenant  1918 
      Frederick John Durnford  Commander  1918 


37. F T Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank: Lance Corporal Medal Awarded:British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Military Police Corps
Regimental Number:  P16666 Sub Unit:  Foot Branch
Previous Units:  200981 Pte 4th Som L Infty., 285876 Labour Corps, P 16666 MFP.

38. Frederick Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank: Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment
Regimental Number:  265372 Sub Unit:  (T.F.) Previous Units:  1st Herts 2284 Pte.

39. Frederick A Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Sapper Medal Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers Regimental Number:  248236
Previous Units:  R.F.A. 30240, Gnr., Royal Engineers, 248236

40.Frederick Studley Durnford Birth Place:  Charters Towers, Queensland
Dossier Year Range:  1914-1920 Enlistment Place:  Melbourne, Victoria
Service number:  26 Next of Kin:  Frank Durnford  Private, Army Field Post Office Details, Australian Army
    

41. F. W. Durnford Military Date:  Feb 1915 Residence Year:  Abt 1914 Residence Place:  14, Grove Street, Southampton, England Rank:  Gunner, Signaller Regiment:  Royal Garrison Artillery
Engaged in home stations.  Later was drafted to India still serving 1920


42.  G A Durnford 26152  Sergeant Major Class 1  1919  Royal Flying Corps 

43. G D Durnford  Military Year:  1914-1915  Rank:  Private
Medal Awarded:  1914-15 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Artillery (Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery)
Regimental Number:  1992  Sub Unit:  Royal Field Artillery. Territorial Force
Previous Units:  R.A.M.C. (T)

44. George D Durnford  Military Year:  1914-1920  Rank:  Gunner
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Artillery (Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery)
Regimental Number:  882084  Sub Unit:  Royal Field Artillery. Territorial Force
Previous Units:  RAMC. T. 1992. Pte, RFA. T. 882084


45. George Percy Durnford  4 Dec 1897  Mother Janet Durnford Coldwater Ontario Farmer
Regimental number 238108
George Percy Durnford  4 Dec 1897  Mother Janet Durnford Coldwater Ontario Farmer
Regimental number 238108    Battalion Number 204th   Coldwater, Ontario, Canada
RESIDENCE: Toronto, Canada

46.  G E Durnford  Major  1914  Royal Engineers 

47.  G E J Durnford  Major  1917  Royal Engineers 
      G E J Durnford  Major  1917  Royal Engineers 
      G E J Durnford  Major  1918  Royal Engineers 
G E J Durnford  Lieutenant Colonel  1919  Royal Engineers 

48.  G Durnford Military Year:  1914-1915 Rank:  Pioneer Medal Awarded:  1914-15 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers Regimental Number:  70842


49.  G Durnford Military Year:  1914-1915 Rank:  Sapper Medal Awarded:  1914-15 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers Regimental Number:  105734


50.  George Durnford Birth Place:  Wiltshire, England Dossier Year Range:  1914-1920
Enlistment Place: Perth, Western Australia Service number:  6030 Next of Kin:John George Durnford


51.  G. Durnford  2nd Lieutenant  1916  London Regiment 
52.  G.A. Durnford 26152  Acting Sergeant Major 1st Class  1918 

G A Durnford Military Year:  1914-1915 Medal Awarded:  1914-15 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Air Force Regimental Number:  26152 Previous Units: Royal Fus. 13244 Cpl.

53.G D Durnford Military Year:  1914-1915 Rank:  Private Medal Awarded:  1914-15 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Artillery (Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery)
Regimental Number:  1992 Sub Unit:  Royal Field Artillery. Territorial Force
Previous Units:  R.A.M.C. (T)

54 George Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank: 2nd Corporal Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers
Regimental Number:  W.R.286914 Sub Unit:  Railways Previous Units:  Royal Engineers. 70842 Spr.Medal Forfeited:  Yes

George Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Pioneer Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers Regimental Number:  70842
Previous Units:  Royal Engineers. 70842. Pnr.


55. George Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Sapper Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers Regimental Number:  W.R.289568
Sub Unit:  Railways Previous Units:  Royal Engineers. 105734. Spr.

56. George A Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Air Force Regimental Number:  26152
Previous Units:  13244 Royal Fuslrs. Corporal.

57. George D Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Gunner
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Artillery (Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery)
Regimental Number:  882084 Sub Unit:  Royal Field Artillery. Territorial Force
Previous Units:  RAMC. T. 1992. Pte, RFA. T. 882084

58  George Standen Durnford cert no. 11976 passport no. 148684 Orderly  1914  Red Cross 

George Standen Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  British Red Cross Society & Order of St John


59.  G.E.J Durnford  Major  1914  Royal Engineers 
Guy Edwad Jervoise Durnford  Major  1917  Royal Engineers 
        Guy Edward Jervoise Durnford  Major  1918  Royal Engineers 

G E J Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:Lieutenant Corporal Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers

60. Harold James Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Corporal
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Army Service Corps Regimental Number:  S/16316 Previous Units:  R.A.S.C. S/16316. Corporal.

61. Henry Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Gunner Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Garrison Artillery
Regimental Number:  71206 Previous Units:  181 Hvy. RGA. 71206 Gnr
62  Henry C Durnford Military Year: 1914-1920 Rank: Sapper Medal Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps: Royal Engineers Regimental Number: 254359 Previous Units: 31st Royal Fus: 23401, R.G.A. 101014, Gnr., Royal Engineers, 254359

63.  Henry Charles Durnford Military Year: 1914-1920 Rank: Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps: Somerset Light Infantry Regimental Number:  19241
Previous Units:  6th Som. L.I. Pte 19241

64. H G E Durnford  Captain  1914  Royal Field Artillery 

Hugh George Edmund Durford Prisoner of War, escaped from Holzminden Prisoner of War Camp in 1918.  The men dug a tunnel under the building and 29 made it out before it collapsed, 19 were recaptured.  He was awarded the Military Cross for Gallantry.   He later wrote a book "The Tunnellers of Holzminden".  


The complete story of Hugh and his Tunnelers is included in the family story.



65.  H W Durnford  Lieutenant  1918  9th Lancers 

H W Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Lieutenant Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the Line
Sub Unit:  9th Lancers


66.  H W Durnford  2nd Lieutenant  1914  Gloucestershire Yeomanry 
67.  H. G. E.Durnford  Captain  1914  Rfa 
      H.G.E. Durnford  2nd Lieutenant  1916  Royal Artillery 

68.  Henry Charles Durnford 19241  Private  1916  Somerset Light Infantry 

Henry Charles Durnford  Military Year:  1914-1920  Rank:  Private
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal
Regiment or Corps:  Somerset Light Infantry  Regimental Number:  19241
Previous Units:  6th Som. L.I. Pte 19241
Son of Sylvester and Jael Durnford, of Great Toller, Maiden Newton, Dorchester, Dorset; husband of Laura A. Bowditch Durnford, of "Dulce Domum", 5, Wesley St., St. Helier, Jersey.

Pier and Face 2 A.  THIEPVAL MEMORIAL

The Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme is a war memorial to 72,195 missing British and South African men, who died in the Battles of the Somme of the First World War between 1915 and 1918, with no known grave. It is near the village of Thiepval, Picardy in France. 



69.Henry C Durnford  Military Year:  1914-1920  Rank:  Sapper
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers
Regimental Number:  254359
Previous Units:  31st Royal Fus: 23401, R.G.A. 101014, Gnr., Royal Engineers, 254359


70. Henry J Durnford Military Year: 1914-1920 Rank: Corporal Medal Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps: Royal Engineers Regimental Number:  66364
Previous Units:  Royal Engineers, 66364, Corpl.
71.  Horace Agustus Reginald Durnford 28170  Private  1917  Somerset Light Infantry 
Horace Agustus Reginald Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Private
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Somerset Light Infantry Regimental Number:  28170 Previous Units:  1st Som. L.I. Pte 28170


Pane
l 41 to 42 and 163A.
TYNE COT MEMORIAL




Tyne Cot Commonwealth War Graves Cemetery and Memorial to the Missing is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) burial ground for the dead of the First World War in the Ypres Salient on the Western Front. The cemetery grounds were assigned to the United Kingdom in perpetuity by King Albert I of Belgium in recognition of the sacrifices made by the British Empire in the defence and liberation of Belgium during the war. It is the largest cemetery for Commonwealth forces in the world, for any war. The cemetery and its surrounding memorial are located outside of Passendale, near Zonnebeke in Belgium.




72. Horace John Durnford Military Year: 1914-1920 Rank: Bombardier Medal Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps: Royal Garrison Artillery Regimental Number: 60241 Previous Units: Base Dtls. R.G.A. 60241 A/Cpl Son of H. W. and Ellen Jane Durnford, of North Cheriton, Templecombe, Somerset.





73. Hugh Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Sapper Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers Regimental Number:  WR.253356
Sub Unit:  Railways Previous Units:  Royal Engineers. 138024. Spr.

74.  Hugh George Edmund Durnford  Lieutenant  1920  Royal Field Artillery 

Hugh George Edmund Durnford  Lieutenant  1920  Royal Field Artillery 

H G E Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Captain Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Artillery (Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery) Sub Unit:  Royal Field Artillery
H G E Durnford Rank:  2/Lt. Regiment:  Royal Field Artillery Date Missing:  5 Aug 1917
Repatriation Date:  9 Nov 1918 Record Number:  117


75 H J Durnford Military Year:  1914 Rank:  Private Medal Awarded:  1914 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Army Service Corps Regimental Number:  S/16316


76. H W Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Lieutenant Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the Line
Sub Unit:  9th Lancers


77. John Henry Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank: Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  London Regiment Regimental Number: 740333
Sub Unit:  25th (County of London) Battalion (Cyclists)
Previous Units:  25/(Cyc) Lond. R. Pte 740333


78.  John W Durnford  Lieutenant  1914  HMS Offa 
    .  John Walter Durnford  Lieutenant  1918 


79. Keith Henry Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank: Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)
Regimental Number:  Spts/4830 Previous Units:  9 R. Fus. Pte. Spts/4830

80.  L J B Durnford  Temporary Captain  1915  Army Service Corps 
   L J B Durnford  Temporary Captain  1916  Army Service Corps 


L J B Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Captain Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Army Service Corps

81. Leonard Albert Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Driver
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Artillery (Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery) Regimental Number:  150093
Sub Unit:  Royal Field Artillery Previous Units:  R.F.A. 150093 Dvr

82. Lewis Frank Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Dorsetshire Regiment Regimental Number:  201649
Previous Units:  1/4 Dorset 3545 Pte


83.  L.G. Durnford 216753  Air Mechanic 1st Class  1918  Royal Air Force 
84  Mabel Durnford 49545  Worker  1919  Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps 

Mabel Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Worker Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps
Regimental Number:  49545


85. Montague John Durnford Pacey Birth Place: Mackay, Queensland Dossier Year Range:  1914-1920 Enlistment Place:  Ipswich, Queensland Service number:  439 Next of Kin: Arthur Ernest Pacey


86.  Montague Neville Durnford Palace Z/1398  Acting Leading Seaman  1918 

   N S M Durnford  Temporary Major  1917  Army Service Corps 
  N S M Durnford  Temporary Major  1918  Army Service Corps 

N S M Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Major Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Army Service Corps



87.  P B, Esq Durnford  1918  Expeditionary Force Canteens Committee

88.  P C Durnford 198198  2nd Corporal  1918  Royal Engineers

89.  P E Durnford  Lieutenant  1918  Royal Regiment Of Artillery. Late Royal Horse                                                                  And Royal Field Artillery

P.E. Durnford  Lieutenant  1918  Royal Horse And Royal Field Artillery 
    P E Durnford  Lieutenant  1918  Royal Regiment Of Artillery

90.  P J Durnford A/34869  Corporal  1916  Canadian Infantry (Alberta Regiment) 

Philip John Durnford  Corp Philip Joseph Durnford
Regimental number 34869  born Porthoe Cornwall Mother Mrs Elizabeth Durnford Coastguard Station Grasspan Road Cornwall.      born 1st January 1894  Usual job a Switchman Lived Cross Common, The Lizard, Cornwall

Battalion Number --  10th  Killed 11th October 1916 Buried Contay British Cemetery, 2 miles West of Warloy-Baillon 7.25 miles west of Albert France  IV. B. 16.  CONTAY BRITISH CEMETERY, CONTAY

Contay is a village in the Department of the Somme on the main road, Amiens to Arras. The CONTAY BRITISH CEMETERY lies on the left (north east) side of the road to Franvillers. There are no access problems. There is a CWGC road sign next to the church and square of the village and next to the D23, Franvillers - Corbie, sign. The distance from the CWGC sign to the Cemetery is approximately 650 metres.



91. P S Durnford Military Year:  1914-1915 Rank:  Private Medal Awarded:  1914-15 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers Regimental Number:  24154 Previous Units:  Chesire.

92. P W Durnford Military Year:  1914-1915 Rank:  Sapper Medal Awarded:  1914-15 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers Regimental Number:  1143


93. Percy Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Hampshire Regiment Regimental Number:  0239
Previous Units:  2nd. Dorset Regt. Pte. No.16747

94. Percy W Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Acting 2nd Corporal
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers
Regimental Number:  540416 Previous Units:  R.E. (T) 1143 Spr., Royal Engineers, 540416

95. Percy William Durnford  born 18 October 1861 Farmer Single  Regimental number 1250876
Battalion Number --38th Battalion Castle Cary, Somerset, England  Father Edward C Durnford Hideouer Norton Somerset England   RESIDENCE:   Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan


96. Philip S Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  2nd Corporal
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Engineers
Regimental Number:  198198 Previous Units:  11th. Ches. Regt. 24154. Cpl., Royal Engineers. 198198

97. Phillip Bertram Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Hampshire Regiment
Regimental Number:  356057 Previous Units:  1/9th. Hants. Pte. No.1550


98. R J Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank: Lieutenant Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Garrison Artillery

Captain Richard Selby Durnford 

99. Richard Selby Durnford was born at St Paul’s in London the eldest son of Richard M Durnford CB and Beatrice Mary (nee Selby) Durnford of Hartley Wespall House, Basingstoke in Hampshire.
D Company, 9th (Service) Battalion King’s Royal Rifle Corps 

R S Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Captain Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  King's Royal Rifle Corps

Richard Selby Durnford Death Date:  31 Jul 1915 Rank:Captain (TEMP)
Regiment:  King's Royal Rifle Corps Battalion:  9th Battalion Type of Casualty:  Killed in action
71  R. S. Durnford  Captain  1914  King's Royal Rifle Corp

United Kingdom  Panel 51 and 53.  YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL

The Menin Gate Memorial to the Missing is a war memorial in Ypres, Belgium, dedicated to the British and Commonwealth soldiers who were killed in the Ypres Salient of World War I and whose graves are unknown. The memorial is located at the eastern exit of the town and marks the starting point for one of the main roads out of the town that led Allied soldiers to the front line. Designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield and built and maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, the Menin Gate Memorial was unveiled on 24 July 1927.



100. Reginald John Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:Gunner Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps: Royal Garrison Artillery Regimental Number:  71752
Previous Units:  Base Details RGA 71752 Gnr
72  R.J. Durnford  2nd Lieutenant  1917  Royal Garrison Artillery 

101.  Robert Chichester Durnford  Captain  1918  Royal Hampshire Regiment 
       R C Durnford  Captain  1918  Royal Hampshire Regiment 
R C Durnford  Captain  1914  Royal Hampshire Regiment 

R C Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Captain Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Hampshire Regiment

  R C Durnford  2nd Lieutenant  1917  Royal Hampshire Regiment 
  R. C. Durnford  Captain  1914  Royal Hampshire Regiment 
  Robert Chichester Durnford  2nd Lieutenant  1917  Royal Hampshire Regiment 
  Robert Chichester Durnford  2nd Lieutenant  1917  Royal Hampshire Regiment 
  R C Durnford  Military Year:  1914-1920  Rank:  Captain
Medal Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Hampshire Regiment


Robert Chichester Durnford Death Date:  21 Jun 1918 Rank:Captain Regiment:  Hampshire Regiment Battalion:  4th Battalion (Territorial) Decoration:  DSO Type of Casualty: Killed in action

Name:  R C Durnford Death Date:  21 Jun 1918 Cemetery:  Tehran War Cemetery
Burial Country:  Iran Regiment:  Hampshire Regiment Region or Memorial:  Asia
Robert was the  son of Richard M Durnford CB and Beatrice Mary (nee Selby) Durnford of Hartley Wespall House, Basingstoke in Hampshire, and Richard Selby Durnsford's brother

II. F. 8.  TEHRAN WAR CEMETERY

The Tehran Memorial commemorates casualties of the Indian, United Kingdom and New Zealand Forces who lost their lives during the campaign in Iran (formerly known as Persia) and who have no known grave. It also commemorates some of those who died in the neighbouring regions of Russia whose graves are unknown or unmaintainable.

The Memorial comprises six free-standing memorial walls, three on each side of the central avenue leading to the Cross of Sacrifice. Between the two groups of memorial walls is a central feature bearing the inscription:

1914-1918 - 1939-1945

In this cemetery are the graves of five hundred and sixty three Commonwealth Sailors, Soldiers and Airman and one Nursing Sister who gave their lives in Iran during the Two World Wars.

The names of three thousand five hundred and ninety of their comrades who died in Iran and neighbouring lands during the War of 1914 -1918 and who have no known grave are inscribed on thee monuments.


102. R.G. Durnford Fireman Merchant Service.  Volunteering at the outbreak of war posted to HMS Saxon and saw service off the East Coast of Africa and in other waters frequently in action with enemy submarines.  He was also in a hospital ship for a time crossing to and from France. Demobilised 1918  14 Grove Chapel Southampton




103.  Stella Cecil Durnford cert no. 16101 passport no. W.O. V.A.D. Dis  1914  Red Cross 
104.  Thomas Edward Durnford 2355  Private  1915  Lancashire Fusiliers 

Thomas Edward Durnford Birth Place:  Pendleton, Lancs Death Date:  7 May 1915
Death Place:  Gallipoli Enlistment Place:  Salford, Lancs Rank:  Private Regiment:  Lancashire Fusiliers Battalion:  1st 7th Battalion Regimental Number:  2355 Type of Casualty Killed in action
Theatre of War:  Balkan Theatre   Panel 58 to 72 or 218 to 219.  HELLES MEMORIAL
Son of Edward and Sarah Durnford, of 12, Scarsdale St., Pendleton, Manchester.


The Helles Memorial is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission war memorial near Sedd el Bahr, Turkey. The memorial serves the dual function of being a Commonwealth battle memorial for the whole Gallipoli Campaign and place of commemoration for 20,885 Commonwealth servicemen who died there and have no known grave. The memorial takes the form of an obelisk and is over 30 metres high.

The United Kingdom and Indian forces named on the memorial died in operations throughout the peninsula, the Australians at Helles. There are also panels for those who died or were buried at sea in Gallipoli waters.



105. Reginald John Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank: Gunner Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps: Royal Garrison Artillery Regimental Number:  71752
Previous Units:  Base Details RGA 71752 Gnr



106. Villiers Henry Durnford Military Year: 1914-1920 Rank: Sergeant Medal Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps: Army Service Corps Regimental Number:  M2/153270    Previous Units:  R.A.S.C. M2/153270 Sergeant

107. W E Durnford Military Year:  1914-1915 Medal Awarded: 1914-15 Star Regiment or Corps:  Royal Air Force Regimental Number:  26234 Previous Units: Ryl. Fus. 14506 L/Cpl.

108.  W H Durnford Military Year:  1914 Rank:  Lance Corporal Medal Awarded:  1914 Star
Regiment or Corps:  Army Service Corps Regimental Number:  S/30207


109.  W G Durnford 119695  Gunner  1917  Royal Garrison Artillery 

Walter Gordon Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Gunner Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Garrison Artillery
Regimental Number:  119695 Previous Units:  352 Sge. Bty. RGA 119695 Gr.

110.  Walter W Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank: Guardsman Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Scots Guards Regimental Number:  15695
Previous Units:  No. 15695. Pte. 2SG.

111  William Durnford Military Year: 1914-1920 Rank: Private Medal Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps: Labour Corps Regimental Number: 594024 Previous Units: 207121 Dvr. R.F.A.
112. William E Durnford Military Year: 1914-1920 Medal Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Air Force Regimental Number:  26234
Previous Units:  14506 R. Fus. Pte.

113. William Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Warwickshire Regiment
Regimental Number:  306679 Previous Units:  1/8th, Bn, R, War, R 306679 Pte

114. William Ernest Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Corporal
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Artillery (Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery) Regimental Number:  289950
Sub Unit:  Royal Field Artillery Previous Units:  R.F.A. (TF) 676398 Dvr

115. William George Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Gunner
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Artillery (Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery) Regimental Number:  292514
Previous Units:  RFA 292514 Gunner

116. William James Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank:  Driver
Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Artillery (Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery) Regimental Number:  73747 Sub Unit: Royal Field Artillery Previous Units:  R.F.A. 73747. Dvr.

117.   W J Durnford  2nd Lieutenant  1917  Duke Of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment) 

118  William John Durnford  Lieutenant  1914  Royal Army Medical Corps 

William John Durnford Military Year: 1914-1920 Rank: Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:  Royal Army Medical Corps
Regimental Number:  172 Previous Units:  172 RAMC Pte.

119.  William Morris Durnford Military Year:  1914-1920 Rank: Private Medal Awarded:  British War Medal and Victory Medal Regiment or Corps:Hampshire Regiment Regimental Number: 31278
Previous Units:  1st. Hants. Pte. 31278

120.  William P. Durnford  Chief Officer  1918 
121.  Durnford  Lieutenant  1917  Royal Fusiliers (London Regiment) 


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And the Lydekker Brothers - two sons of a remarkable family, one of our cousins' nephews, and included here due their loss - 2 sons in one War.

122. Gerard Owen Lydekker was born in 1887 and died in 1917.
He was a member of the Bedfordshire Regiment.

Lieutenant & Quartermaster Gerard Owen LYDEKKER
Died 14th June 1917, aged 29.

Gerard was the son of the late Richard Lydekker, F.R.S. and Lucy Marianne Lydekker (nee Davys).  
He was born at Harpenden, Herts, educated at Haileybury College, and is buried in the Alexandria (Hadra) War Memorial Cemetery.

Lt Gerard Lydekker became the Battalions Quartermaster before they sailed for Gallipoli and served with them until his death in 1917.

His younger brother, Cyril Lydekker, was killed on Gallipoli 15th August 1915. Lt Gerard Lydekker died on the 14th June 1917, aged 29 from Myasthenia Gravis at No. 17 Central Hospital in Alexandria and is buried in the Hadra Military Cemetery.




123. LYDEKKER Cyril Richard       Lieutenant      5th Battalion Bedfordshire Regiment

He was born at The Lodge, Harpenden, the younger son of Richard Lydekker, Esq. and Lucy his wife.
 He was educated at Haileybury College. He was killed in action at Sulva, Gallipoli, on 15 August 1915, and is commemorated at the AZMAK Cemetery at Sulva.
Cyril Lydekker became a subaltern on the 14th March 1914 and was the brother of Lt Gerald Owen Lydekker, who was to become the Battalions Quartermaster in 1915.  Enlisted in the 5th Battalion and gained appointment as a Lieutenant 29th August 1914.

1/5th Battalion Territorial Force
04.08.1914 Stationed at Bedford as part of the East Midland Brigade of the East Anglian Division.
Aug 1914 Moved to Romford and then Bury St. Edmunds.
May 1915 Moved to St. Albans and the formation became the 162nd Brigade of the 54th Division.
26.05.1915 Mobilised for war and embarked for Gallipoli from Plymouth via Mudros.
11.08.1915 Landed at Suvla Bay and engaged in various actions against the Turkish Army.

He was killed 15th August 1915 at Galliopoli and is buried at Azmak Cemetery, Suvla. 



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Throughout the stories of our family members, there is recognition for their services in World War 1, many however are not included in our direct family lineage, where possible their stories have been sourced.



At least 123 who have served. But there are probably another 125 whose names are not shown here. The cousins, or the nieces or nephews of our family.

The British records are not in one source, unlike Canadian and Australian records.  The different lines for the same individual will reflect his mention in the Medals Book. Hopefully no names have been missed.
   
   
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