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Friday, January 2, 2015

43.3.2.2.a Julia and Arthur Lydekker their son Guy Onslow Lydekker married Gladwys Amelia Durnford her lineage and stories

The melding of two Durnford lineages.


Gladwys Amelia Durnford  was the daughter of John Durnford and his wife Mary Louise Kirwan.

John's father was Reverend Frances Durnford and his mother was Francis Thompson.  
Mary was the daughter of Reverend John Kirwan and his wife Frances Dacres.

Their Children

1. Edward          1846  -   1895
2. Charles          1847  -   1907
3. John               1849   -  1914   m  Mary Louisa Kirwan
4. Francis           1850  -  1898
5. Henry             1852  -  1878
6. William          1853  -  1940  m  Lucie Zelie Marmery
7. Elizabeth        1854  -  1939
8. Edmund         1856  -   1946
9. Herbert          1859  -   1951  m  Ann Louisa Otter
10.Frances          1862  -   1941
11.Margaret        1853 -   1957
12Louisa            1864  -  1958   m  Robert Routh

There are a myriad of stories to be research and discovered about all these children.  Some information regarding Henry Durnford follows.

Reverend Frances Durnford was the brother of Bishop Richard Durnford from Chichester Cathedral, and their lineage follows back to Richard de Derneford.


3.  John Durnford was at Eton  then joined the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth.  He then had a very distinguished career.

Admiral Sir John Durnford GCB DSO (6 February 1849 – 13 June 1914) was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope Station.

Educated at Eton College and the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, Durnford joined the Royal Navy in 1862 served in the Third Anglo-Burmese War of 1885 to 1886 for which he was mentioned in dispatches and awarded the DSO. Promoted to Captain in 1888, he commanded the torpedo school HMS Vernon from 1895 to 1899. Durnford became Junior Naval Lord in 1901 and was promoted to Rear admiral 1 January 1902. He served as Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope Station from 1904 to 1907. He was President of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich from 1908 to 1911 and retired in 1913.

  
Dry-dock being constructed in the Simonstown Naval base circa 1906
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Distinguished Service Order
Rank  Admiral
Commands held  HMS Vernon
Cape of Good Hope Station
Royal Naval College, Greenwich
Battles/wars  Third Anglo-Burmese War
Awards  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath   

Distinguished Service Order





The Cape of Good Hope Station was one of the geographical divisions into which the British Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities. It was formally the units and establishments responsible to the Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope. It lasted from 1857 to 1939.

Established in 1857,the station covered most of the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean. On 17 January 1865, it was combined with the East Indies Station to form the East Indies and Cape of Good Hope Station; however, the station was recreated as a separate station on 29 July 1867.

From 1870, it absorbed the former West Africa Squadron

From Anglo Boer War Records

DURNFORD, JOHN, Commander, Royal Navy, was born on the 6th February 1849, son of the Reverend Francis E Durnford, Fellow of Eton, and Rector of Greeting St Mary, Suffolk, and of Mrs Durnford, daughter of Admiral John Thompson, of Longparish, Hants.

He was educated at Eton, and entered the Royal Navy in 1862.  In 1881 he married Mary, daughter of the Reverend John Henry Kirwan, Rector of St John's, Cornwall, and they had one son, Frederick John, Lieutenant, Royal Navy; and three daughters.

He became Commander in 1882; served in the Upper Burma Expedition of 1885-86, on the Staff of Sir H Prendergast, VC, KCB, and with the Naval Brigade, being present at the engagement at Minhla.  He was mentioned in Despatches, and created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 13 January 1887]: "For operations in Burma.  John Durnford, Commander, Royal Navy".

Commander Durnford commanded the Naval Brigade for manning armed steam launches in Upper Burma in 1887; was mentioned in Despatches and thanked by the Governor General of India.  He was promoted to Captain in 1888; was created a CB in 1897; became Junior Naval Lord in 1901; Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope, 1904-7; was created a KCB in 1906, and was Admiral President, Royal Naval College, Greenwich, from 1908 to 1911.

In 1913 he was created a GCB.  Admiral Sir John Durnford, GCB, DSO, died on 13 June 1914.

 The 'Times' of Monday, 15 June 1914, has the following notice: "We regret to announce the death, which took place suddenly on Saturday, at his residence, Elmshurst, Catisham, Fareham, in his 66th year, of Admiral Sir John Durnford, GCB, DSO, a former Sea Lord, who saw active service in Burma.

 Sir John Durnford was a son of Reverend Francis E Durnford, a Fellow of Eton and Rector of Greeting St Mary, Suffolk.  He was born 6 February 1849, and, after preliminary education at Eton, entered the Royal Navy as a Cadet from the Britannia in September 1862.  He became Sub-Lieutenant in 1868, and a Lieutenant in 1872, receiving honorary certificates at the Royal Naval College on passing his examination for the latter grade.

Ten years later he was promoted a Commander, and when in charge of the Mariner, on the East Indies station, took part in the Burmese War of 1885-86.  He served with the field force on the staff of General Sir H Prendergast, VC, and also with the Naval Brigade, being present at the engagement at Minhla.

For his services he was specially mentioned in Naval and Military Despatches, and was granted the Distinguished Service Order.  In the following year he was placed in command of a naval brigade and a flotilla of armed launches, engaged in the suppression of dacoity in Upper Burma, when he was again mentioned in Despatches, his services receiving the approbation of the Admiralty, and being specially acknowledged by the Viceroy and by the Secretary of State for India.  At the conclusion of the operations he received the India Medal with clasp for Burma, 1885-87.

On 30 June 1888, he was promoted a Captain, and among other posts held while in this rank he commanded the Vernon, the torpedo school of the Navy, from 1895 to 1899.  On the occasion of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, in 1897, he was made a CB, and attained flag rank in 1902.  In the meanwhile he had gone to the Admiralty as Junior Sea Lord, and continued a member of the board after his promotion until December 1903.

His next appointment was as Commander-in-Chief on the Cape of Good Hope Station from 11 February 1904 to March 1907, and while there he became, in October 1906, a Vice Admiral.  Although he held no further commands afloat his wide experience, ripe judgment and talent for organization continued to be drawn upon and utilized for the benefit and advancement of the Service, particularly as a member of various committees.

He was president of the committee appointed to inquire into the Naval Medical Service, and from March 1908 to March 1911, was President of the Royal Naval College at Greenwich.  He was actually serving on a committee in connection with the rehousing of the Museum at Greenwich at the time of his death.

 He became an Admiral in 1910, and retired from active service in May of last year, when, on the King's birthday, he received the GCB.  Admiral Durnford married, in 1881, Mary Louisa Eleanor, daughter of  Reverend J H Kirwan, Rector of St John's, Cornwall, and he has a son and three daughters.

Sincere, warm-hearted, and a staunch comrade, his sudden death will arouse feelings of keen regret and sorrow in a very wide circle of friends and brother officers".

The 'Times' of 17 June 1914, says: "The funeral of Admiral John Durnford took place at Longparish yesterday, with naval honours.  The pall-bearers were Admiral of the Fleet Lord Walter Kerr, Admiral of the Fleet Sir Gerard Noel, Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Fanshawe, Admiral Lord Charles Beresford, Admiral Sir Arthur Moore, Admiral Barlow, Admiral Robinson, Surgeon General Sir James Porter, Rear Admiral De Chair and Rear Admiral Napier, and Mr C H Stansfield, CB, Director of Greenwich Hospital.

The King was represented by Admiral the Honourable Sir Hedworth Meux, Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth, and Admiral Archibald Moore represented the Admiralty".

Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)

He lived at Elmshurst in Fareham.

This and other photographs were provided with identifications by Jessica Durnford, grand daughter of John Durnford. L-R Back: Nursemaid, Ronald Mayne L-R Middle: Hyacinth, Sir John Durnford, Lady Mary Durnford, Gladys L-R Front: Margaret, Frederick John. Ronald Clinton Mayne and Hyacinth Laura Mary Durnford married in 1908 so it is likely that they were not yet married and perhaps met in Simonstown.

Family suggested this photo was dated circa 1902, but Zimmer959 suggests1904-7 when John Durnford was in SImonstown.



 In 1881 he married Mary Louisa Eleanor Kirwan; they had one son and three daughters

John Durnford and Francis Thompson children:

Hyainth Laura May Durnford  b  1882   -  1961  m  Ronald Christon Mayne b 1881
Gladwys Amelia Durnford       b  1889 d 1972  m  Guy Onslow Lydekker
Margaret Durnford                   b  1895  -  1986  m  George Titterden
Frederick John Durnford          b  1896  -  1963  m  Barbara Louise Turner  1908 - 1996 (In Australia)

Frederick John Durnford enlisted and served in the Royal Navy at Portsmouth, he was made Lieutenant Commander in 1926.                                                                                                        


Frederick John
Initials: F
Surname: Durnford
Nationality: British
Rank: Commander
Gallantry Awards: Kings Commendation for Brave Conduct
Award Details: Awarded for General Bravery
Gazette Info: http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/35281/supplements/5500
Gazette Date: 23/09/1941               
Regimnt HM Dockyard Portsmouth


Inspecting cadets with King George VI
With the Queen at Portsmouth
He became Lieutenant Commander and he and Barbara returned to Melbourne to live.

Margaret Durnford married George Arthur Titterton he was in the Navy WWI as a Midshipman on the Exeter




Location is unknown.Caption says on Hecla,  Grandson of William Arthur, Richard Patrick Durnford writes: "[William] Arthur is the bearded one in the right foreground. [John Durnford] is clearly identified in his naval cap standing at the back. Then further to the right we have possibly three more Durnfords with another on the extreme right. If I am right that makes all six. It is logical that if Frances Isabella were there she would be the one seated in the centre chair. "

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5.  Henry Durnford

Henry Durnford  1852 - 1878   was a naturalist, and unfortunately died young.  He collected vast numbers of birds and eggs from South America.  He must have been an adventurous person to travel to such remote places 



           354 birds from Argentina, collected by the late Henry Durnford, Esq.Durnford (HENRY).
9 eggs of birds, collected by the late H. Müller, from the Färoe Isles; and 3 from Walney Island. Presented. [75. 1. 5, 1–12.]
354 specimens from Argentina and the Chuput Valley in Patagonia. Purchased. [1885. 11. 20, 1–354.]

This fine young naturalist, whose career was cut short by an early death (cf. Ibis, 1878, p. 493), was a nephew of the late Dr. Durnford, Bishop of Chichester. He collected in the Färoes and also in the Frisian Islands (Ibis, 1874, pp. 391–406).





 He afterwards settled in South America, and his papers on the birds of Buenos Aires were published in the 'Ibis' for 1876 (pp. 157–166) and 1877 (pp. 166–203). In the latter volume also appeared his account of his expedition to the Chuput Valley (Ibis, 1877, pp. 27–46), with a further paper (Ibis, 1878, pp. 389–406). Porzana spiloptera was described by him and figured in the 'Ibis' for 1877 (pl. iii.), and I have named an Oyster-catcher (Hæmatopus durnfordi) after him (Cat. B. Brit. Mus. xxiv., p. 117, pl. vi.).

The account of his last expedition, to Tucuman and Salta, was published in the 'Ibis' for 1880, pp. 351–364. pls. ix. and x. The collection acquired after his death contains all the specimens obtained by Durnford in South America.


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