Andrew Durnford commenced a second life in West Indies with Elizabeth Lucas.
Elizabeth was born in St George in 1764, and died in 1840 in Auburn Cayua, New York
She and Andrew met sometime before 1789, and lived at Stewart Hall. They rented Stewart Hall.
George Tucker's widow Mary lived in Stewart Hall until her death in 1787.
The house was then rented to Andrew Durnford between 1789 and 1791
while he was improving the colony's fortifications and building Durnford.
He lived in Stewart Hall with his mistress, Elizabeth Lucas, with
whom he had six children. Hannah Stockton, who was George Tucker's niece,
purchased the house at auction in 1795.
She died there two years later and the house went to her two young children
In Andrew's will he mentions his good friend Robert Tucker, who perhaps was the son of George Tucker who owned the house that he and Elizabeth rented.
Robert Tucker married Frances Fowle. He could be the son of John Tucker and Mary Jennings.
This Robert was born c 1748 d 1777
George could be the son of Henry Tucker 1710 and Frances Tudor. Born 1710 and died 1761.
The area was known as Southampton Bermuda
The Tuckers are all related, and the family had been in Bermuda since the 1600's.
Having lived on a small tropical island, everyone knows everyone else!
Perhaps the lives of the residents can best be gleaned from some Island history.
· 1776. May. The sloop "Betsy & Ann", Ben Tucker master, was given permission to exchange 1700 bushels of salt and two puncheons of rum for provisions at Greenwich, Cumberland, NJ.
1776. Summer. St George Tucker, his father and one other purchased the sloop "Dispatch" to smuggle rice, loaded with salt at Turk's Islands in Nov 1776, and proceeded to Virginia and sold the cargo.
· 1776. Summer. Admiral Lord Howe sent two Royal Navy sloops of war to interrupt Bermuda trade with the rebellious colonists of America, the "Nautilus", Capt John Collins, (arrived Jun 19, departed Oct 20 1776), and the "Galatea", Capt Thomas Jordan, (arrived Sep 7 1776).
· 1776. St George Tucker purchased the sloop "Adelphi" for trade as he had the "Dispatch" above. He apparently chartered the sloop to Norton and Beale, master George Gibbs.
1777 Bridger Goodrich bought a fine Bermuda sloop, a prize of the "Galatea" and refitted her as a privateer. On his initial commission he took 5 prizes of which two were Bermudians which he brought back to Bermuda. His seizure of Bermudian vessels raised a storm of indignation particularly at the Western end of the Island and Henry Tucker of Somerset formed an association to boycott Bridger.
The latter took this opposition in his stride and engaged himself to marry Elizabeth Tucker, a kinswoman of Henry; the association's threat took little effect.
· 1795. January. First elections of officials in Hamilton. Daniel Tucker, Mayor; Richard Peniston, Joseph Stowe, William Hall, Aldermen; Benjamin Cox, George Harvey, Richard Darrell, William Morris and one other as Councilors
May 6, 1795 At the town meeting!
The memorial of Major Hare and the letter of Captain Hicks were then read.
"Mr Speaker and Gentlemen of the Assembly, I take an early opportunity of laying before you sundry accounts which have been lately delivered me by the Honorable Captain Durnford. Notwithstanding these expenses were incurred before my arrival here, yet, as I understand the services were undertaken and performed at the request of my predessor, I cannot but recommend them to the consideration of the Honorable House, not doubting..................
1781. 40 acres of cotton were found growing in Tucker's Town, which led directly to the British government encouraging the planting of cotton as a commercial crop in 1788.
1783 Andrew Durnford arrives
1793 The Governor asks him to rebuild the forts (That would be Gov Hamilton)
1793 Andrew is Mayor.
In the period between 1783 and 1789 Andrew played a large part in the affairs of St George. During his life in Bermuda the following were the Governors.
William Browne was an American loyalist born in Massachusetts
Hamilton returned to Canada in 1782, becoming Lieutenant-Governor, and later Deputy-Governor at Quebec. He went on to serve as Governor of Bermuda from 1785 to 1794, and of Dominica from 1794 until his death in 1796. In March 1795, at age 61, Hamilton married 25-year-old Elizabeth Lee from Banbury, Oxfordshire, a daughter of Colonel Lee. They had one daughter, Mary Anne Pierpoint Hamilton, who died in 1871 unmarried and without children. Hamilton died on the island of Antigua in 1796, while still Governor of Dominica.
James Crawford was an Equerry to Charlotte of Mecklenbug-Streilitz wife of King George III known as Princess Charlotte.
Lt. Col. William Campbell
Major in 24th Foot 1 July 1788; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 9 September 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel 22 September 1795; Governor of Bermuda 1796; died on Bermuda 2 December 1796.
1796. 2nd December. The death in Bermuda at the age of 46 of His Excellency, Governor William Campbell, Lieutenant Colonel of the 24th Regiment of Foot, who died of fever then raging in the colony only a few days after his arrival. He occupied his office for only 8 days.
|Durnford House now a private residence in S Georges|
When Andrew died he mentioned various lands in his will, including is house on Styles Hill. There is no known place now, but it could have been Stiles Hill after
He also mentions lands puchased from John Grove Palmer at Mullett Bay Glebe Islands, Harney Islands. John Grove Palmer was the Attorney General of Bermuda.
|Map indicate the location of Mullett near the Waterfront|
Who was Elizabeth Lucas? Some Lucas research is included.
Elizabeth must have been born into a family of good standing, as Andrew himself became the mayor, and was involved in the political climate of the island.
There have been Lucas's on the Island since the 1600's. Some were merchants, some in the military, all had very large tracts of land, and there is a huge amount of research available, except of course for Elizabeth.
In his will Andrew mentions her being born in England, however on her grave it notes she was born in St George, that may be a mistake on the part of her relatives.
After his death in 1798, Elizabeth moved with the children to Colchester Connecticut, and from research reveals she is listed in British Aliens in US in 1812
They had 6 children, two who died as infants.
Elizabeth 1790 - 1883 Died Auburn Cayuga New York State m Thomas Manwaring Skinner
John Durnford 1791 1867 m Mary Elizabeth Hibbard d Syracuse
Thomas 1792 1792 Died St George Bermuda
Henry William 1793 1863 m Clarissa LEonard d Syracuse Onondaga New Yor
James Henry 1794 - 1867 m Louisa Hibbard d Syracuse Onodaga New York
Martha 1796 - 1796
The lives of their children.
(at this point no relationship between Bermuda and Auburn has been discovered, research continuing)
Elizabeth married Thomas Skinner in 1817. They had several children, again losing some as infants. Thomas opened the first newspaper in the Auburn area, called The Auburn Gazette. He was in partnership and in 1818 the paper changed its name to Cayuga Republican. In 1863 he united the paper with the Free Press, and then was involved in the clothing industry.
John married Mary Elizabeth Hibbard from Colchester. They had 7 children however at the time of his mother's death in 1840, there were only two still alive.
Children of John and Elizabeth
Andrew Durnford 1816 - 1853
John Durnford Jnr 1818 - 1841
Mary Elizabeth Durnford 1821 - 1825
Clarissa Maria Durnford 1823 1825
Mary Elizabeth Durnford 1824 1829
George Durnford 1830 1831
George Hibbard Durnford 1836 1861
John's story of his life in Syracuse is quite interesting. His son John Durnford Junior was an Attorney at Law, and was unfortunately killed in an explosion in the town in 1841
John Durnford, Jr. (son of Justice Durnford), was a lawyer of flattering prospects and was endowed with uncommon talents. 1841 Syracuse explosion
John Durnford established the first newspaper in Syracuse - Onondaga Gazette April 1823 sold it 1829 his brother Henry also lived in Syracuse
The following extracts from the Syracuse History.
Monday, July 5th, 1824, marks the date of the first celebration of our National
Independence ever held in this city. "The Syracuse Gazette" of July 7th, 1824,
published by Mr. Durnford, gives the following account of the celebration :
At the morn's early dawn the day was ushered in by the thunder of cannon bursting upon
the stillness of the hour; and at sunrise a National Salute was fired from Prospect ,
on the north side of the village. As the spiring columns of the cannon's smoke
disappeared the star spangled banner of our country was then seen floating majestically
in the air, from the top of a towering staff erected on the summit of this hill for the
occasion. At about 12 o'clock, a procession was formed in front of Mr. Williston's
Hotel, under the direction of Col. A. P. Granger, marshal of the day.
An escort, consisting of Captain Rossiter's company of Light Horse, an Artillery Company
under the command of Lieut. J. D. Rose, and Capt. H. W. Durnford's company
of Riflemen, with their music swelling and banners flying, preceded the procession
which moved to the new meeting house — (the old Baptist Church.) Here the usual
exercises took place, and an oration was pronounced by J. R. Sutermeister, Esq.,
which was received by the large assembly with a universal burst of approbation.
The procession then formed again and moved through the village to the summit of
Prospect Hill, where under a bower a numerous company partook of a cold collation
prepared by Mr. Williston (landlord of the Mansion House).
The principal object of attraction on that day was the Rifle company, composed of the
young men of the county, and commanded by H. W. Durnford, Lieut. James H. Luther
and Orderly Zophar H. Adams.
John Durnford, Jr., attorney at law, aged 23. from the explosion Coroners Report
That Hugh T. Gibson, Ezra H. Hough, Thomas Betts, Elijah Jones, Zebina Dwight,
William Conklin, Benjamin F. Johnson, Elisha Ladd, George W. Burdick, Isaac Stanton,
William B. Close, George Gorman,Horace T. Goings, Charles A. Momt. Loren L. Cheney,
Horatio N. Cheney, John Durnford, Jr., Hanson Maynard, Noah Hoyt, Joel Kohlhamer,
Matthew Smelt, James M. Barker, Charles Miller, Benjamin T.Baker, Charles Austin, came
to their deaths on the night of Friday, the 20th of August, 1841, by the explosion
of 27 or 28 kegs of gunpowder in a carpenter's and joiner's shop, then on fire, in
the village of Syracuse, and which the said deceased and others were attempting to
extinguish; that, in the belief of the jury, the said shop was set on fire by some
person or persons to the jurors unknown; that the said powder was the property of
William Malcolm and Albert H. Hudson of Syracuse, and was secretly stored in said shop
by the said Albert A. Hudson and Charles Goings, the owner of said shop, with the
knowledge and consent of said William Malcolm, contrary to the published
and known ordinances of the village of Syracuse, and without the cognizance or
consent of the Trustees thereof.
On the corner now occupied by Messrs. Stone & Ball, jewelers, and Messrs.
Sabey & Weaverhatters, there stood in 1824 a two story frame building, known as
the "Coffin Block." The name was given to the block on account of its fancied
resemblance to that receptacle for the dead.
The first and second stories on the extreme corner were then occupied by
John Durnford, Esq., as a book store, lottery ticket and printing office. From this corner the first number of the "Onondaga Gazette," the first paper ever
issued in this city — was printed by John Durnford, our present worthy Justice of
the Peace. The first number was issued Wednesday morning, April 2d, 1823.
In his "Address" to the public, the publisher lays down the following views and
In 1824 Henry W. Durnford occupied the first store east of the Syracuse Gazette office,
as a drug store. He also kept an assortment of groceries, crockery and liquors, and
transacted a large and profitable business.
The ground upon which the Granger Block now stands was, in 1824, a fine little green
meadow. That year Messrs.John Durnford, Archy Kasson and John Rodgers were
appointed a committee by the Episcopal Society, authorized and empowered to select
a site for a church edifice. Mr. Durnford advocated the selection of this meadow as the proposed site. The other
members of the committee offered an objection to the lot "that it was too far
from the village" but finally coincided with Mr. Durnford in his choice, and the
committee reported accordingly.
Henry Durnford resided in a small white house on the ground now occupied by Gay's Hotel.
The house fronted the south. He had a white fence around his lot, and a beautiful
flower garden in front of his house. It was a very pretty, cozy little dwelling.
John Durnford occupied a dwelling west of Mr. Kasson's. These two houses' had
very pretty yards in front, filled with flower beds and shrubbery.
The first village election in Syracuse was held at the school house onthe 3d day of May, 1825, when the following officers were elected : JoshuaForman, President; Amos P. Granger, Moses D. Burnet, Heman Walbridge,John Rogers, Trustees ; James Webb, Alfred Northam, Thomas Spencer,Assessors; John Durnford, Treasurer; John Wilkinson, Clerk; HenryYoung, Pound-master ; Jesse D. Rose, Henry W. Durnford, Constables;Daniel Gilbert, Justice of the Peace.At the meeting of May 8, several important measures were adopted.Grocer's licenses were then in vogue and were issued to Joseph Thompson,Henry Newton, Stephen W. Cadvvell, Paschal N. Thurber, Joel Owen,Peter \'an Olinda, Henry W. Durnford, lla\-den Rice, William T. Arnold,
The first tax levied upon the inhabitants after the incorporation of the
village of Syracuse, was in the fall of 1825. It amounted to $250, a striking
contrast to the sum now levied upon the city of Syracuse for municipal
Henry W. Durnford was the collector, and John Durnford was his bail.
Henry W. Durnford, police constable in 1825, was in the grocery trade in 1840.In 1842 he was village president, and an alderman in 1848-49.He was buried Sept. 4, 1863, aged 70 years.St. Paul's church, Syracuse, was originally a mission of Zion church, Onondaga Hill,but had its present organization in 1828, John Durnford and Samuel Wright were thewardens; Amos P. Granger, Archy Kasson, Mather Williams, James Mann,Matthew W. Davis, Barent Filkins, Othniel Q. Williston and Jabez Hawley, vestrymen.Bishop Hobart first visited it that year.
John Durnford died May 19, 1867, aged 76 years. He founded the Onondaga Gazette in
April, 1823, and was long a prominent man.
Henry married Clarisa Leonard in 1815, There appears to be two children Lucy and Henry William Durnford.
His life in Syracuse, is told with that of his brother John. They returned to Onondaga County and ran a boarding house.
James Andrew Durnford married Louisa Hubbard later in life. He may have been living in Bermuda as from the will, he was there in 1840. Louisa reared a child of one of her relatives
James died in 1867.
|South Salina Street Syracus NY Durnford House boarding house|
WILL OF ELIZABETH LUCAS (DURNFORD) MISTRESS OF MAJOR ANDREW DURNFORD
Cod witnessed by James Taylor and John Fisher both of St. Georges' Bermuda 65 shares
standing in my name in the Butcher's and Drover's Bank, N.Y.
my gd. son (infant) George Hibbard Durnford
:Elizabeth Durnford died Jany 30 last leaving this deponent, and Henry W. Durnford :
databases of the New England Historical & Genealogical Society.
In his will the house is known as Stile Hill
1775. US Congress authorized Mr Edward Stiles, of Pennsylvania and a former Bermudian, to send the brig "Sea Nymph" Sam Stobel master, to Bermuda with cargo (such as lumber, soap, and candles)
Port Royal House was erected in 1762 by Edward Stiles, a wealthy merchant and shipowner, who like many others emigrated from Bermuda to the Bahama island of New Providence and thence to Philadelphia about the middle of the eighteenth century, to engage in American commerce. He was the great-grandson of John Stiles, one of the first settlers of Bermuda in 1635, and the son of Daniel Stiles, of Port Royal Parish, a vestryman and warden of Port Royal Church and a member of the Assembly of Bermuda in 1723. Commerce between the American colonies and Bermuda and the West Indies was extensive, and Stiles' business prospered. He had a store in Front Street between Market and Arch streets, and a town house in Walnut Street between Third and Fourth streets. In summer, like other men of his station and affluence, he lived at his countryseat, surrounded by many slaves, on an extensive plantation in Oxford township, near Frankford, that he had purchased from the Waln family. To it he gave the name Port Royal after his birthplace in Bermuda.
There are so many English and Irish families who settled in Bermuda.
Perhaps this line would be one to consider! He changed wives quite regularly!
The Eliza Lucas mentioned ran three plantations by age 16. She may very well be a cousin of Elizabeth's.
Elizabeth (known as Eliza) Lucas was born on December 28, 1722, in Antigua, British West Indies, where she grew up at Cabbage Tree, one of her family's three sugar plantations on the island. She was the eldest child of Lieut.-Colonel George Lucas, of Dalzell's Regiment of Foot in the British Army, and his wife Ann (probably Mildrum) Lucas.
She had two brothers, Thomas and George, and a younger sister Mary (known to her family as Polly). Col. and Mrs. Lucas sent all their children to London for schooling. It was customary for elite colonists to send boys to England for their education when they might be as young as 8 or 9.
Girls would not be sent until their mid teens when nearing marriageable age. During this period, many parents believed that girls' futures of being wives and mothers made education in more than "the three "R"s" and social accomplishments less necessary.
But Eliza's ability was recognized. She treasured her education at boarding school, where studies included French and music, but she said her favorite subject was botany. She wrote to her father that she felt her “education, which [she] esteems a more valuable fortune than any [he] could have given [her], … Will make me happy through my future life.”
After three years of persistence and many failed attempts, Eliza proved that indigo could be successfully grown and processed in South Carolina. While she had first worked with an indigo processing expert from Montserrat, she was most successful in processing dye with the expertise of a black indigo-maker of African descent whom her father hired from the French West Indies. She and her husband Charles Pinckey whom she married in 1844 lived in Charleston, and she was the first woman to be inducted into the Charleston Hall of Fame.
and I do hereby give and bequeath unto my dear friend Elizabeth Lucas late of Great Britain, but now a resident in the Town of Saint George and known that name only, whatever name she may hereafter be known or choose to assume, to her, her Executors, Administrators and Assigns all the Moneys, Plates, Linens, Chairs, Household furniture, Implements of Husbandry, Cattle, Goods, Chattels and Effects whatever, and all the personal estate of every kind and description which may belong to or be possessed by me at the time of my death and which shall be within the Bermuda Islands.
Also all my estate and interest in the Glebe lands sold by authority of an Act of the Legislature of these Islands, lying and being in the Parish of St. George aforesaid, also a certain small island called or known by the name of Harney Island which I purchased of John Grove Palmer Esquire and is situated in the Harbour of Saint George at the entrance of old Town Cut together with the rents, I give and present singular the said provisions to have and to hold the said devised Estates, lands and tenements here delivered and possession until the following children of the said Elizabeth Lucas, that is to say, Elizabeth Durnford, Henry William Durnford, John Durnford and James Andrew Durnford or the Survivor Successors of them shall have respectively attained the age of twenty-one years, and if but one survivor until he or she shall attain the said age of twenty-one years,
if she the said Elizabeth Lucas shall so long live, in Trust nevertheless and in the special confidence and to the intent and purpose that the said devised lands, tenements before mentioned may be kept up and managed in the best possible manner the benefit of the Services hereinafter mentioned; and during the continuance of the said trust,
I do devise to my said dear friend Elizabeth Lucas (in use she shall so long live) all the rents, issues and profits of the Lands, Tenements, Stores, Warehouses, Wharfs, and premises aforesaid to and for her own use to enable her to educate and support them the said Elizabeth Durnford, John Durnford, Henry William Durnford and James Andrew Durnford during the continuance of the said Trust, and from and after the determination of the said Trust that is to say, on the attainment of the age of twenty-one years respectively and severally by them the said Elizabeth Durnford, John Durnford, Henry William Durnford and James Andrew Durnford, only the youngest of them who shall live to attain such age,
I do them give and devise the said lands, Tenements aforesaid to the said John Durnford, his heirs and assigns forever, subject to the provisions and conditions hereafter aforesaid and subject to the payment of one annual sum or yearly rent charge of twenty pounds Current money of these Islands to be paid to my dear friend Elizabeth Lucas for the term of her natural life by quarterly or half yearly payments as she shall appoint and direct, the first payment thereof to be made at the expiration of the first quarter or half year, after the determination of the aforesaid Trust Estates, as my said dear friend shall please to elect.
And I do paying devise the aforesaid lands, Tenements and premises to the said John Durnford on condition of his paying (within eighteen months after his coming into possession of the same on determination of the aforesaid trust Estate) unto each of them the said Elizabeth Durnford, Henry William Durnford and James Andrew Durnford or their heirs one fourth part of the value of the said devised lands, tenements, premises according to the appraisement and valuation, to be made thereof as is herein before directed.
Provided nonetheless and on this further condition, that my said dear friend Elizabeth Lucas shall have enjoy the free, full and perfect use and occupation of my before mentioned Dwelling House, outhouses, the buildings (excepting the Wharfs and Warehouses) and gardens, at Style Hill aforesaid, for and during the time of her natural life unless it shall please the said John Durnford to sell and dispose of the same. which case I do devise, direct and appoint that the said dwelling house, outhouses, buildings, Wharfs, Warehouses and all other my Estates, lands, tenements and within the Bermuda Islands and herein before devised, shall be and stand charged (in lieu and satisfaction to my said dear friend Elizabeth Lucas of the aforesaid annual sums or yearly rent charge of Forty pounds a year and as an equivalent and recompense to her for the loss of the use and occupation of the dwelling house, outhouses, buildings and gardens at Style Hill aforesaid) with the payment of an annual sum or yearly rent charges of one hundred and twenty pounds current money of the Bermuda Islands to be paid unto my said dear friend Elizabeth Lucas for and during the time of her natural life, either by quarterly or half yearly payments as she shall appoint and direct.
And in default of payment by the said John Durnford of the one fourth part of the value of the said before mentioned and devised Estates, lands, tenements and according to the appraisement and valuation to be taken as aforesaid) unto each of them the said Elizabeth Durnford, Henry William Durnford, and James Andrew Durnford. at the time and as I have all my said estates, lands, tenements and to the aforesaid Elizabeth Durnford, John Durnford, Henry William Durnford and James Andrew Durnford to be divided between them, share and share alike, each one fourth part in common and not as joint tenants subject to the aforesaid annual sum or yearly rent charge of forty pounds, and subject to the same conditions and provision favour of my dear friend Elizabeth Lucas respecting the aforesaid dwelling house, outhouses, buildings and gardens at Style Hill, and to the payment of the aforesaid annual sum or yearly rent charge of one hundred and twenty pounds in manner and in lieu and satisfaction as aforesaid in case the said Elizabeth Durnford, John Durnford, Henry William Durnford and James Andrew Durnford shall and dispose of the same.
case the said John Durnford shall chance to die without issue lawfully begotten before the expiration of aforesaid trust estate and before payment of the said fourth part in value of my estates aforesaid (according to the appraisement and valuation aforesaid) shall be due and payable, then I do give and devise all my aforesaid estates, lands, tenements and within the Bermuda Islands (at the expiration of the said trust estate) unto the survivor or survivors of them the said Elizabeth Durnford, Henry William Durnford and James Andrew Durnford their heirs and issues forever share and share alike as tenants in common and not as joint tenants subject herewith to the aforesaid limitations, conditions, provisions and covered and mentioned in favour of my said dear friend Elizabeth Lucas and subject to the aforesaid annuities of forty pounds and as payment charged in the aforesaid lands, tenements and in manner aforesaid;
And in case all of them the said Elizabeth Durnford, John Durnford, Henry William Durnford and James Andrew Durnford shall die without issue lawfully begotten or without having legally and duly disposed of his, her or their interests and estates in the herein before devised lands, tenements and within the Bermuda Islands then and in such case I do devise the same (subject nevertheless to the use, occupation and amenities aforesaid in favour of my said dear friend Elizabeth Lucas) to the two manner Executors named in my will respecting my property in Great Britain, as the Executors thereof in manner as I have herein directed to them all the rest and residue of my property in Great Britain after specific bequest in the said will made; but if it shall chance to happen that my said dear friend Elizabeth Lucas die before the said Elizabeth Durnford, John Durnford, Henry William Durnford and James Andrew Durnford shall have attained their respective ages of twenty-one years or before the youngest of them of them who shall live to attain such age, shall have attained the same.
And I do hereby nominate and institute and appoint my dear friend Elizabeth Lucas my executrix in these Islands and of this my will respecting my Bermuda property; In witness whereof I have to this writing contained in this and the two preceding sheets of paper set my hand and seal, to wit, my hand to the bottom of the two preceding sheets my hand and seal to the last sheet and my seal at the top of the first of the said sheets all the said sheets are fixed together and on this first day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety eight.