Clark Durnford was the youngest son of Elias and Martha
He was born in London in 1748 and married 24th November 1769 Mary Baskerville, at Saint Michael Paternoster Church in London.
The original church was destroyed in the Great Fire in London, and the new one, rebuilt to the design of Christopher Wren.
Mary was born 1746 and was baptised at St Dunstan's in the West London.*
|St Dunstan's in the West|
Her father was Thomas Baskerville, a London clockmaker of renown, and her mother was Sarah.
Thomas was born about 1710 in London, and was firstly apprenticed to his father William.
He was admitted to the Merchants Association in 1747, and had, over time, trained 7 apprentices.
He owned property in Chick Lane in the Parish of Farringdon Without in 1779.
He died in 1780 and is buried in the Church of St Sepulchire, Holborn, London.
He and Mary had four children
Thomas Elias Durnford 1771 - 1836 Bt St Thomas Apostle London
Joseph Clark Durnford 1774 - 1853 B. St Thomas Apostle m Susanna Denham 1809
Henry Durnford 1777 - 1777 B. St Mary Magdalene Old Fish St
George Augustus Durnford 1781 - 1860 B. St Mary Magdalene Old Fish St
*By an amazing coincidence, our paternal grandfather, Thomas Mudge, himself a very well known clockmaker is buried at St Dunstan's in the West, in London, on Fleet Street. Thomas had his shop in Fleet Street, which would indicate that this was the area in which clockmakers worked. Thomas had his business at the same time as Thomas Baskerville.
By the year 1774, Elias has died, and according to his will, his properties are to be held in a trust to be divided equally among his three sons.
From his will, he indicates that he is from the Treasury Office in the Tower of London. He mentions in his will his friend Mr William Allison of Crutched Fryers in the city of London, a wine merchant, his servant Mary Fell, and the balance of his estate to his three sons, Thomas, Joseph Clark and George Augustus.
Mary must have predeceased him, and he indicates he is working in the Treasury Office.
From Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Review he worked at the Treasury Office for 45 years as Chief Clerk in the service of the Board of Ordinance.
From the archives, another record pertaining to himself and his brother Elias.
Entry books containing a great variety of items : indentures, bonds,
proclamations, of provost-marshals, sales by sheriffs, etc. 603 and 604 are a ledger (fair copy and original) of the surveyor
general, Elias Durnford, 1765-1768. Durnford held the office
certainly until 1780 (608, p. 540), though he seems to have acted by deputy, Clark Durnford and David Taitt, afterward " Secretary of Indian Affairs for the Creeks ", 1782, both being named in this capacity. Durnford's ledger, which was presented to the Public Record Office in April, 1900, contains governor's warrants
directing the surveyor to measure and lay out certain lands granted between July 2, 1765 and May 16, 1768. There are 114 entries, with the warrants appended. In 63 cases loose plats of the land surveyed are inserted in the volume, showing water-courses,
elevations, swamps, woods, roads, lagoons, ledges, etc. The original drawings are superior to the copies.
He must have commenced working in the Ordinance Department in 1763, and there-in lies some puzzling facts.
He owned a great deal of property in London as the Land Tax records show.
The Archives in Kew hold details of his will, and a number of files regarding Succession Duty etc, which confirms that he had an extensive property portfolio.
|Description:||Abstract of Will of Clark Durnford, belonging to the Treasury Office in the Tower of London of Brompton, Middlesex|
|Date:||February 04 1808|
|Held by:||The National Archives, Kew|
|Legal status:||Public Record|
- IR - Records of the Boards of Stamps, Taxes, Excise, Stamps and Taxes, and Inland Revenue
- Legacy Duty: Succession Duty and Estate Duty records
- IR 26 - Board of Inland Revenue and predecessors: Estate Duty Office and predecessors: Registers of Legacy Duty, Succession Duty and Estate Duty
- Country Courts
- Abstracts of Administrations and Probates of Wills
- IR 26/382 - LONDON Consistory (1800): Entry Nos Wills 1-40, Entry Nos Administrations 1-47. ...
- IR 26/382/337 - Abstract of Will of Clark Durnford, belonging to the Treasury Office in the Tower of...
Their children:The eldest son was christened Elias Durnford, but seems to be known from then on, as
From the records of the St Paul's School in London a Thomas Durnford left in 1782- 83. The age would be correct for Thomas. His cousin Elias Walker Durnford was also at the same school.
Records show he was apprenticed to John Willoughby in 1787 who was a potter.
|Livery company||Tallow chandler|
|Details||Durnford Thomas, son of Clark, Whitefriars Wharf, London, potter, to John Willoughby, 2 Jan 1787, Tallow Chandlers' Company|
|Record set||London Apprenticeship Abstracts, 1442-1850|
|Category||Education & work|
|Collections from||Great Britain|
Records indicate that a Thomas was in the Royal Navy and received a medal for Capturing the French privateer "Ville de Caen, which attached to the Ship Sealark. He also received the Guadeloupe Clasp. The Medal is in the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich.
Coming from a military family there is a strong possibility that this is Clark's son.
On 21st July 1812 the schooner Sealark, Lt Warrand, discovered a large lugger chasing and firing at two merchant ships off the Start. Lt Warrand immediately ran the schooner on board and after a close and furious engagement, carried her.
It turned out to be a French privateer called the Ville de Caen from St Malo, commanded by M. Cochet, who together with 14 men was killed. The battle lasted 90 minutes, before the British crew could board.
The Ville de Caen had sixteen guns and was chasing two merchant ships. Out of 60 men and boys on the Sealark, 7 were killed, and the commander, a midshipman, and twenty men wounded. For the battle Lt Warrend was promoted to the rank of Commander.
Records also show that a Thomas Durnford is buried at St Mary Magdalene, Woolwich, 1836, along with his wife Sarah, who notes that her husband was the Clerk of Works in the Royal Engineers. He died at the age of 66 on 26th December 1836, indicating he was born around the same time.
(Did he resign from the Navy? and take a post back in the Royal Engineers, which has such an influence with the family members.)
Born 1774, and in 1788 was apprenticed to Joseph Baskerville Stafford, a vinter. He must be a relation on the Baskerville side.
|First name(s)||Joseph Clarke|
|Details||Durnford Joseph Clarke son of Clarke, New Wharf Whitefriars, London, chinaman to Joseph Baskerville Stafford, 1 Oct 1788, Vintners' Company|
|Record set||London Apprenticeship Abstracts, 1442-1850|
|Category||Education & work|
|Collections from||Great Britain|
Perhaps Joseph was involved in this trade for quite some time, as in his will, Charles mentions his good friend Mr William Allison also a vinter
Major George Augustus Durnford was born 14 September 1791 in London, and died 1860. He married Emily Jane Darby on 28 September 1822 in St Edmund, Salisbury.
He seems to have spent more than 30 years in different campaigns, before marrying Emily Jane Derby. They lived in Bath, and he died in 1860
|Campaign or Service:||Napoleonic Wars|
|Regiment or Unit Name:||69th Regiment of Foot|
George Augustus Durnford - Military Timeline
DURNFORD G.A. Lieut on half pay 19th FootTo be Captain of Infantry DURNFORD G.A. Capt. on half pay To be Paymaster 39th Dragoons
The Gwalior Campaign was fought between British and Marathan forces in Gwalior in India, December 1843.
The Maratha Empire controlled much of central and northern India and had fallen to the British in 1818 giving the British control over almost all of the Indian subcontinent. The Maharaja of Gwalior had died and a young child appointed as the Maharaja with British support.
However, Marathas in Gwalior saw the failed British campaign in Afghanistan as opportunity to regain independence and removed the young Maharaja. Lord Ellenborough, foreseeing the possibility of the Marathas in Gwalior making an attempt for independence had formed the Army of Exercise near Agra.
After attempts to negotiate failed, the British advanced in a two pronged attack. The British, under the command of Gen. Sir Hugh Gough clashed with Marathan forces, under the command of Maharaja Scindiah, in two battles on the same day; 29 December 1843.
The Marathan army had 14 battalion, 1 000 artillery men with 60 guns and 6 000 cavalry at Maharajpore. The British faced them with troops from the 40th Regiment of Foot with the 2nd and 16th Native Infantry Regiments forming the central column, the 39th Regiment of Foot with the 56th Native Infantry Regiment and a filed battery forming the left column and the 16th Lancers with two troops of horse artillery as well as other artillery forming the right column.
The centre column advanced to attack to where the believed the main enemy force was located. However, during the night the Marathans had moved and the British were surprised as they came under heavy fire from the Marathan artillery in their new positions. The central column then received the order to take the battery positions which they did under continuous heavy fire from shot, grape, canister and chain.
The guns were to the South-East Maharajpore with two battalions of Marathan troops for each battery and in Maharajpore with seven battalions for each battery and the British fought hand to hand with the Marathans, both sides taking heavy casualties, to clear the positions. The Marathans fought intensely and few escaped the battle. The British finally defeated the Marathans with 797 men killed, wounded or missing. The Marathans were estimated to have lost 3000 to 4000 men.
After the defeat of the Marathan forces in Gwalior the British disbanded their army and established a force in the state that the government of Gwalior maintained. A British governor was appointed at Gwalior fort.
The British soldiers who participated in the campaign were awarded a medal; the Gwalior Star.
|Licence or Banns|
|Parish of marriage||Salisbury St Edmund|
|First names||George Augustus|
|Parish/place of residence|
|First names||Emily Jane|
|Parish/place of residence||p. Westbury|
|Bride Note||with consent of parents|
He was awarded the Maharajpoor Star medal, which was auctioned in 2010
Military General Service 1793-1814, 1 clasp, Java (G. Durnford, Lieut. 4th W.I. Regt. Attd. to 69th Foot); Maharajpoor Star 1843 (Pay Master George A. Durnford, H.M. 39th Regt.) fitted with adapted silver bar suspension, nearly extremely fine and a rare combination (2)
FootnoteThe combination of M.G.S. with Maharajpoor Star occurs just twice as a pair, once as a group of three and once as a group of seven.
George Augustus Durnford was born in London on 4 September 1791*, and entered the Army at the age of 14 as an Ensign in the Cape Regiment, in June 1806.
In March 1810 he gained a Lieutenancy in the 4th Ceylon Regiment and participated in the capture of the Isle of France (Mauritius) on 3 December 1810, under the command of General Abercromby.
Keen for further action, Durnford volunteered his services for the capture of Java, was attached to the 69th Foot, and sailed with the invasion fleet under General Auchmuty on 11 June 1811. The British occupied Batavia and, greatly reduced by sickness, began their assault on Fort Cornelis on 26 August. The 69th Foot under Colonel McLeod greatly distinguished themselves, carrying the last redoubts at the point of the bayonet, losing 11 officers and 76 men.
In January and February of 1815, Durnford participated in the Kandian war and subsequent capture of Kandy. Later that year he exchanged into the 19th Foot, who were also serving in Ceylon, where he remained engaged in the continuing skirmishes of the Kandian war of 1817-18.
He returned to England in 1820, and in 1826 was promoted to Captain but, there being no vacancies, Durnford became Paymaster of the 39th Regiment and served with that regiment in New South Wales, Australia, from April 1827 until the end of 1829.
The regiment returned to India in 1831, and in 1834 was engaged in the Coorg rebellion. Durnford remained with the regiment in India until it was next engaged in the Gwalior campaign at the end of 1843, taking an active part in the action at Maharajpoor on 29 December.
The regiment returned to England in 1847 and Durnford remained as their Paymaster until November 1852, when he was placed on Half Pay, having by this time served actively for 46 years.
He died in 1861 at the age of 70.
Sold with copy Statement of Services and other research. Dix Noonan Webb London
The Working Life of Clark Durnford.
Records indicate some perplexing information in regard to Clark's working life.
He did work for 46 years in Treasury, but at the same time he must have also had a warehouse and shop selling fine china. Even his sons, in completing the apprentice papers indicate his position is a Chinaman and with the business at Whitychurch.
From an advertisement in the London Newspapers of 17th March 1770, he ran a business, and was selling fine china from Lowetoff China Works as their agent. Among their pieces was Bow china.
In fact the china made was so satisfactory that, in 1770, the year before the elder Browne died, they put their china on sale in London, as the following advertisement duly sets forth : " Clark
Lowestoft China Warehouse. No. 4 Great St. Thomas the Apostle, Queen St.,
Old Bailey Proceedings: Accounts of Criminal Trials, 21st April 1773 Juror
In 1774 he was recorded as an important member of London
|Unique Project ID||1103|
|Date of Publication||1774|
|Street Name||LITTLE ST.THOMAS APOSTLES|
|Male OR Female||M|
Then in 1786 he is bankrupt. Not knowing the laws at that time, it might be the business not personally that was party to the bankrupt.
|Occupier's first name(s)||C|
|Occupier's last name||Durnford|
|Parish||St Clement Danes|
|Notes||Watch Rates 1795-1800|
|Record set||Westminster Rate Books 1634-1900|
|Category||Census, land & surveys|
|Record collection||Rate Books|
|Collections from||Great Britain|
|St Clement Danes|
Commercial property could also be valued according to the stock held in a workshop or retail shop. A rate was then levied at a specific number of pence or shillings in the pound.
A dwelling rated at £20 might, for instance, be subject to a seven pence levy, which would mean that the householder was obliged to pay 140 pence, or 11 shillings and 8 pence; seven pence for every pound in rateable value.
|Church Lane 1800's|
Thomas Rowlandson, The hustings outside St Paul's
Covent Garden at an election,
from The Microcosm of London (1808). © London Lives
|Hard to imagine London once looked like this|
Bow Porcelain China has a significance with our family, as further stories will tell.
We spent hours in London, searching for one particular piece.
This article from the Norfolk Museum Lowestoft Porcelain
This is by far the greatest public collection in existence, consisting of over four hundred objects. Many of these pieces have provenances that firmly link them with local collections from their time of production. All types of form are represented as well as many rarities and diagnostic pieces and the collection spans the factory’s entire period of production from c.1757-1801.
The first English porcelain manufactories were established in the 1740s and 50s and the Lowestoft factory is of particular importance as it was the only one to be set up in East Anglia. Lowestoft also holds an important position in the story of British ceramics as no other factory produced so many dated and inscribed pieces.
This means that we have an exceptionally clear picture of who was commissioning which individual items at what date, providing an unparalleled profile of the customer base of a factory of this kind. In addition Lowestoft is also the only factory known to have made birth tablets, painted discs made to commemorate the birth of a child.
The porcelain has further significance as a valuable record of Lowestoft in the late eighteenth century when it was becoming established as a popular holiday resort: many of the factory produced objects were intended as souvenirs. Pieces feature local scenes such as the church, beach, lighthouses and there is one of the earliest depictions of a bathing machine. Bernard Watney has observed: 'no other English china evokes quite the same sense of belonging to a particular place'. Equally we also know that much of the factory’s output was exported to Europe, a significant example of East Anglia’s close links with the Continent.
The Bow porcelain factory (active ca 1747-1764, closed 1776) was an emulative rival of the Chelsea porcelain factory in the manufacture of early soft-paste porcelain in Great Britain. The factory was located near Bow in what is now the London Borough of Newham and the local council owns a significant collection, which is held in the care of the borough's Heritage and Arts Service.
For further confusion there is a George Durnford who worked at the Field Train Department of the Board of Ordinance and who is buried at St Mary Magdalene Woolwich. George was born 1785
There must have been a lot of Durnfords at the Board of Ordinance.
Mr. George DURNFORD, Clerk of Stores in the Field Train Department died 2 February 1830 aged 48.