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Sunday, November 16, 2014

33.a.b.a Lady Francis Pierrepont and Evelyn Pierrepont II- The Pierrepont Lineage

Frances Pierrepont and her brother Evelyn II Pierrepont were the children of William Pierrepont

William's father was Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston upon Hill who married Mary Fielding.

Early life  Evelyn Pierrepont1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull was born circa 1665. He was the son of Robert Pierrepont and Elizabeth Evelyn.

 He married, firstly, Lady Mary Feilding, daughter of William Feilding3rd Earl of  Denbigh and Mary King, on 27 June 1687. 

He married, secondly, Lady Isabella Bentinck, daughter of Hans William Bentinck1st Earl of Portland and Anne Villiers, on 2 August 1714. He died on 5 March 1725/26.

He gained the title of Marquess of Dorchester. He gained the title of 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull

Children of Lady Mary Feilding and Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull

He died 5th March 1725

  • Lady Mary Pierrepont b. 26 May 1689, d. 1762Lady Mary Pierrepont was baptised on 26 May 1689 at St. Paul's Church, Covent Gardens, London, England. 
  • Lady Frances Pierrepont+ b. 8 Jun 1690, d. 4 Mar 1761
  • Lady Evelyn Pierrepont+ b. 19 Sep 1691, d. 26 Jun 1727
  • William Pierrepont, Earl of Kingston+4 b. 21 Oct 1692, d. c Jul 1713
Frances, his granddaughter is mentioned in his will as is his grandson, Evelyn II, her brother

Will of Evelyn, 1st Duke of Kingston 5 March 1725/6

To be buried at Holme Pierrepont.

Debts charged on estates entailed on grandson Evelyn, II Marquis of Dorchester, to remain so. Household goods, etc., at Thoresby and Holme Pierrepont (Nt.), West Dean (W.) and Tong Castle (Sa.), to remain there as heirlooms.

£2000 to wife as in marriage settlement. To her for life, house and lands at Acton (Mx.); she may will it to one or all of grandchildren or children, Evelyn, Marquis of Dorchester, Lady Frances P., Evelyn, Lady Gower, Frances, Countess of Marr, Lady Mary Wortloy, Ladies Carolina and Anne P.; if she does not, then to grandson Evelyn with entail.

 To wife for life house and lands at Hanslip (Bk. and Np.), and house and garden in Arlington Street (Mx.). She to have use of goods therein for life, except pictures at Arlington Street and Acton which are for grandson, then they are to go as heirlooms.

Pearl necklace given to family by Lady Grace Pierrepont to grandson, then to heirs male as heirloom.

Best diamond necklace to wife for life, then to grands. as heirloom. Diamond earrings and all other jewels to wife; also plate up to 2000 ounces and her dressing plate; and also linen at Acton and Arlington Street.

To daughters Carolina and Anne, £1500 each when 21 or married; interest for maintenance at 3% till 14, then at 4%. If one die, then £2500 to other. If he has more daughters., then £4000 to be shared by all in lieu of above.

All above bequests to wife and daughters. in lieu of provisions of settlement.

To executors £6000 on trust for daughter Mary Wortley for life, then for her daughter Mary (in default to any other daughter, or sons except eldest).

To sister Lady Cheyne, £300 p.a. for life; also £200 for mourning.
To daughters Carolina, Anne, and granddaughter Frances P., £100 each for mourning.
To daughters. Lady Gower, Countess of Marr and Mary Wortley, £200 each for mourning.

Evelyn Pierrepont II

Evelyn was the only son of William Pierrepont, Earl of Kingston. He was styled Earl of Kingston 1713-15, and Marquess of Dorchester 1715-26, before succeeding his grandfather as 2nd Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull in 1726.

He was sent to Eton in 1725, and the following year went on the Grand Tour, spending ten years on the Continent and becoming known for gambling and loose living. In 1736 he returned to England with his mistress, Marie-Thérèse de Fontaine de la Touche, who became a British subject, and who remained with him until 1750.

The duke had little interest in politics and did not take any part in governmental affairs. However, he acquired several local offices, such as Master of the Staghounds North of Trent in 1738, and Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire and Steward of Sherwood Forest 1763-65. He was invested as a Knight of the Garter in March 1740/1.

He took an active part in suppressing the Jacobite uprising in 1745, raising and becoming Colonel of his own Regiment, 'Kingston's Light Horse', which fought at the Battle of Culloden. He became Major General in 1753, Lieutenant General in 1759, and General in 1772.

Thoresby Hall was virtually destroyed by fire in 1745. The duke employed John Carr of York to design a new house, which was completed by 1772. He died in September 1773 in his other main residence, Holme Pierrepont Hall, upon which the title of Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull became extinct. He willed his estates to his wife for life; after her death in 1788 they passed to his nephew Charles Medows .

In March 1769 the duke married Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel Thomas Chudleigh (c.1720-1788). However, in 1744 she had secretly married Augustus John Hervey, who succeeded as 6th Earl of Bristol in 1775. They were legally separated in 1769, but not fully divorced. Amongst considerable scandal, Lady Kingston was tried for bigamy before the House of Lords from 15 to 22 April 1776. She was found guilty, but pleaded her position as a peeress and was not sentenced. She spent the rest of her life in St Petersburg and France (see image DCHQ2000228).

The Pierrepont family have lived at Holme Pierrepont since around 1280, following the marriage of Henry de Pierrepont to Annora de Manvers. Originally the area was known only as Holme, but later adopted the family surname as a suffix.

The hall was built by Sir William Pierrepont around 1500. He was succeeded by Sir George Pierrepont (died 1564), Sir Henry Pierrepont (died 1616) and Sir Robert Pierrepont (died 1643), who was created 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull. The north range of the house was rebuilt by the 1st Earl in 1628. His son Henry Pierrepont, 2nd Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull was created Marquess of Dorchester in 1645.

The family rose to be Dukes of Kingston in 1715, when the 5th Earl was created 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull. By this time their principal seat was Thoresby Hall in the dukeries area on the other side of Nottingham, which the family had bought in 1633

Holme Pierrepont became a secondary house and was reduced in size. The 1st Earl's north range was demolished around 1730. After the Dukedom died out when the 2nd Duke died childless in 1773, the estate passed in 1788 to his nephew Charles Medows, a naval officer.

Charles changed his surname to Pierrepont and was created 1st Earl Manvers in 1806. The 3rd Earl rebuilt the North Wing around 1870 and was succeeded by the 4th Earl.

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