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Saturday, November 15, 2014

33 Lady Jemima Montagu and Sir Sydney Meadows She was one of the co-heirs of John Rogers III Estate

Jemima Montagu died in 1759, and was alive at the death of John Rogers III

A particular letter written by Elizabeth Montagu intrigued me:

"they mention Lady Medows, Mr Montagu's sister, who had long been suffering from cancer, died at the end of October/  Horace Walpole says in his letter to George Montagu that she left Lady Sandwich's daughter 9000 pounds after the death of her husband Sir Sydney Medows."

Why would Jemima leave Lady Sandwich's daughter 9000 pounds?

Which daughter was it, because there were a lot of daughters belonging to Lady Sandwichs' ?

So began about 4 days of research, resulting in the stories from those times, and my updating my geneology programme to link these Montague back to our original Alice.

From the internet the pound in 1750 would be worth 118 times it's value and that would be in 1998.  Making the legacy worth well over a million pounds.

This paper presents a price index covering the period 1750 to 1998 to illustrate the way in
which the purchasing power of the pound has changed over the long-term.
· Over the period as a whole, prices have risen by around 118 times. Thus one (decimal)
penny in 1750 would have had greater purchasing power than a pound in 1998.

I found a clue while reading some of Elizabeth Montagu's papers, and that clue seemed to be smallpox.   Elizabeth was terrified that her son might get the disease that she arranged an inoculation of him.

But before all is revealed, Jemima's story.   Jemima is the 1st cousin *8 times removed!

She married Sir Sidney Meadows in 1725, when she was 30.  They had no children.

Later she became involved with her nephew and was his carer when his parents traveled.

Sir Sydney Medows                  
From a portrait

 He was the son of Sir Philip Medows MP   1670  -  1757  and Dorothy Boscowan. 1678 - 1748
Philip was the son of Sir Philip Meadows Esq and Constance Lucy

Sir Philip was the son of Daniel Meadow and Elizabeth Smith.

He also was a member of Parliament, 

b. c.1699,1st s. of Sir Philip Meadows, M.P., of St. Martin-in-the-Fields by Dorothy, da. of Edward Boscawen, M.P., sis. of Hugh Boscawen, 1st Visct. Falmouth. m. 2 June 1742, Jemima, da. of Hon. Charles Montagu of Durham (yst. s. of Edward Montagu, M.P., 1st Earl of Sandwich), s.p. suc. fa. 1757.

Offices Held

Knight marshal Jan. 1758-d.         (He was KM to Lady Francis Pierrepont


Meadows’s grandfather, Sir Philip Meadows, was Latin secretary to Cromwell, who sent him as ambassador to Portugal and Denmark; his father, M.P. Truro 1698-1700 and Tregony 1705-8, went as envoy to Vienna in 1707. Returned for Penryn and Truro on the Boscawen interest, he voted against the Administration in all recorded divisions, except that on the civil list arrears in 1729, from which he was absent. Chosen for Tavistock by the Duke of Bedford in 1734, he voted with the Opposition on the Spanish convention in 1739 and on the place bill in 1740.

 He never stood again. In 1758 Meadows became knight marshal of the Marshalsea court in Southwark, a post which his father and grandfather had held, he and the lord steward of the Household acting as judges in this court.

He died 15 Nov. 1792 ‘extremely rich in personal property as well as in land. It was said of him that he had not been on the east side of Bond Street more than twice a year for the last 30 years, and that was on his way to receive dividends at the bank’.1

Daniel Medow     

was was born in 1577 at Rushmere, Suffolk, England. He was the son of William Medowe and Margaret (?). He married Elizabeth Smith, daughter of Robert Smith, at Stowmarket, Suffolk, England.
 He died on 7 September 1659.

      In 1630 he bought the lordship of Witnesham from Sir Robert Hitcham, Bt.

Children of Daniel Medows and Elizabeth Smith

  • Reverend John Meadows            b. 7 Apr 1622, d. 1697
  • Sir Philip Medows                       b. 1625, d. 16 Sep 1718  m  Constance Lucy 

 His mother Dorothy Boscawen

     Dorothy Boscawen is the daughter of Edward Boscawen and Jael Godolphin.

Her brother was Hugh Boscowan,

Hugh Boscawen, 1st Viscount Falmouth (pronounced "Boscowen") ca. 1680 – 25 October 1734) was a Cornish Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons for Cornish constituencies from 1702 until 1720 when he was raised to the peerage.

Boscawen was the eldest son of Edward Boscawen (1628–1685), MP and merchant, by his wife Jael Godolphin, daughter of Sir Francis Godolphin (d.1667). The Boscawens are an ancient Cornish family.

His grandfather Hugh Boscawen (fl.1620) of Tregothnan was thirteenth in descent from a certain Henry de Boscawen. He derived a huge income from his copper mines at Chacewater and Gwennap where he was the principal landowner.

The Chacewater mine, now known as Wheal Busy, was located in what was known at the time as "the richest square mile on Earth". During its life it produced over 100,000 tons of copper ore, and 27,000 tons of arsenic.

 His uncles Hugh Boscawen (1625–1701)
and Charles Boscawen (1627–1689) were also MPs in Cornwall.

Hugh's son       (He was Sir Sidney's cousin)

Admiral Edward Boscawen, PC (19 August 1711 – 10 January 1761) was an Admiral in the Royal Navy and Member of Parliament for the borough of Truro, Cornwall.

He is known principally for his various naval commands throughout the 18th century and the engagements that he won, including the Siege of Louisburg in 1758 and Battle of Lagos in 1759.

He is also remembered as the officer who signed the warrant authorising the execution of Admiral John Byng after Byng's court martial in 1757 after the failure of Byng to engage the enemy at the Battle of Minorca (1756).

In his political role, he served as a Member of Parliament for Truro from 1742 until his death although due to his almost constant naval employment he does not appear to have been particularly active in the role. He also served as one of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty on the Board of Admiralty from 1751 and as a member of the Privy Council from 1758 until his death in 1761.

Dorothy married Sir Philip Medows, son of Sir Philip Medows and Constance Lucy.

Children of Dorothy Boscawen and Sir Philip Medows

They had a total of 9 children including
  • Edward Philip Meadows     1702  -  1737           Was his heir
  • Sydney Medows                  1706     d. 1792       Next in line
  • Edward Medows
  • Philip Medows                      1708    d   1767  m  Francis Pierrepont  1711  -  1767

Most of Conholt's land presumably passed from the younger Thomas Corderoy in turn to his sons Edward (d. 1587) and William (d. 1623), and William's son William (fn. 28) probably sold it to Francis Lucy in 1632. (fn. 29) Lucy (fl. 1682) (fn. 30) owned the estate in 1660, (fn. 31) and it apparently passed to his daughter Constance, the wife of Sir Philip Medows (d. 1718).

It descended to Sir Philip's, and presumably Constance's, son Sir Philip Medows (d. 1757), to that Sir Philip's son Sir Sydney (d. 1792), and to Sir Sydney's nephew Evelyn Medows (d. s.p. 1826), who added Chute manor to it. (fn. 32)
Conholt House passed to Sir Sydney in 1757

 Under Sir Sydney's will the estate passed in 1826 to his grandnephew Henry Manvers Pierrepont (d. 1851), who held 2,063 a. in the parish in 1841, and in 1851 to Henry's brother Philip (d. 1864). (fn. 33)

 Under Evelyn's will the estate reverted in 1864 to W. H. Norie (d. c. 1896), who took the surname Medows, and in 1897 members of W. H. Medows's family sold it, excluding Manor farm, Chute, to George Knowles. (fn. 34) In 1904 Knowles sold Conholt House and c. 1,100 a. in the east part of the parish to E. A. Wigan (fn. 35) (d. 1942), under whose will they passed to Henrietta Gaskell (fn. 36) (d. 1991)

 In 1992 the estate was bought, and in 1998 owned, by a company owned by Mr. Paul van Vlissingen's family. (fn. 37)  

When Sir Sidney died in 1792 he left his estate to his nephew, Evelyn Medows son of Philip.

Sir Sidney Medows was the eldest brother of Mr Philip Medows who in his lifetime was Deputy Ranger of Richmond Park under Lord Bute and died leaving 3 sons:

  • Evelyn Medows who was set aside by the Duke of Kingston in favour of his next brother, but is whom Sir Sidney gave his estate.
  • Charles, Captain in the navy who has taken the name of Pierrepont with the Kingston estate and who distinguished himself in his profession.
  • Sir William Medows who served under Lord Cornwalis in the Indian war.

Sir Sidney was Knight Marshall long before the Duke of Chandos was Lord Steward.  

Sir Sidney was, perhaps the most complete rider of managed horses in the kingdom, and he wrote books about horse riding.

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