Robert de Holland our great grandfather and his brother Thomas de Holland.
The story of Thomas de Holland is very important to the British History.
Maud la Zouche and Robert de Holland had 9 children, and their descendants feature heavily in the history of England in those times.
Poor Great Grandfather Robert met an unpleasant end to his life.
He was invested as a Knight in 1307.He held the office of Justice of Chester between 1307 and 1320, intermittently.He held the office of Governor of Beeston Castle, Cheshire in 1312.
He fought in the Scottish Campaigns between 1314 and 1316. He was created 1st Lord Holand on 29 July 1314. He was Commissioner of Array Lancashire in 1316. He was in the retinue of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, and with whom he sided. He fought in the Battle of Boroughbridge in March 1321/22.
The Battle of Boroughbridge was a battle fought on 16 March 1322 between a group of rebellious barons and King Edward II of England, near Boroughbridge, north-west of York. The culmination of a long period of antagonism between the king and Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, his most powerful subject, it resulted in Lancaster's defeat and execution. This allowed Edward to re-establish royal authority, and hold on to power for another five years.
Not in itself a part of the Wars of Scottish Independence, the battle is significant for its employment of tactics learned in the Scottish wars in a domestic, English conflict. Both the extensive use of foot soldiers rather than cavalry, and the heavy impact caused by the longbow, represented significant steps in military developments.
Edward II was a weak and ineffectual king, and his reign was marked by military failure and internal strife. A great number of the barony turned against the king, and the leader of the opposition eventually became Thomas of Lancaster. Lancaster was Edward's cousin, and next to the king he was the richest man in the country. Through a set of regulations known as the Ordinances, Lancaster and his associates had been trying to put restrictions on royal authority, but by the late 1310s Edward was again in full control of central government. The situation was aggravated by the king's ostentatious patronage of his favourite, Hugh Despenser, and Hugh's father by the same name.
Thomas of Lancaster was taken to Pontefract Castle, which by then had fallen to the king. There he was submitted to what was little more than a show trial, and – in front of a gathering of earls and barons – sentenced to death. On 22 March 1322 he was led out of the castle and beheaded in front of a jeering crowd. In the years to come, a cult emerged around the person of the late earl as a martyr, and even a possible saint. Lancaster had shown no signs of extraordinary piety or other personal abilities during his lifetime, and the cult has been interpreted as a reaction to the incompetent and oppressive reign of Edward II.
Some thirty of Lancaster's followers were also executed, among these Clifford and the baron John Mowbray.
As for Robert Holland, his defection saved him from execution, but his close association with Lancaster made him suspect in the eyes of the king, and he was imprisoned until 1327. The very next year he was murdered (by beheading), possibly by order of Henry, Thomas's brother and heir.
Andrew Harclay was richly rewarded for his loyal and competent performance at Boroughbridge. On 15 March he was created Earl of Carlisle, and promised lands worth 1000 marks yearly. Yet Harclay, who had turned down Lancaster's overtures to join in the rebellion, was no great adherent of the king. As a warden of the Scottish Marches he grew constantly more frustrated with the king's idleness, and eventually negotiated a peace treaty with the Scots. This action on Harclay's part amounted to treason, and early in 1323 he was apprehended by the king's men, and hanged, drawn and quartered.
As for Edward II himself, his dependence on the Despensers grew only deeper, and their transgressions more severe. In 1327, his wife Isabella, together with her lover Roger Mortimer, staged a coup against the king. Edward II was deposed and his son, Edward III, succeeded in his place.
1. Margaret de Holland b 1310 died 1349 She married John la Warre, Knight., of Wickwar, Gloucestershire.
2. Robert de Holland b 1312 died 1373 Our great grandfather
He married firstly Elizabeth d'Avesnes daughter of Count William III of Hainaut and his wife Jeanne De Valois.
- John 1333
- Robert 1334
- Thomas 1335
- Gilbert 1336
- Jane born 1338
- Margaret 1340
Robert Holland, 2nd Lord Holland, Knight, of Thorpe Waterville, Northamptonshire, Broughton Parva (in Bierton), Buckinghamshire, Upholland and Orrell (in Wigan), Hale (in Childwall), Haydock (in Winwick), Nether Kellet, and Samlesbury, Lancashire, Yoxall, Staffordshire, etc., guardian of Garendon Abbey.
He received custody of Chelveston, Northamptonshire in 1333, in reward for his services in the war with Scotland. In 1340 he confirmed a lease granted by his brother, Thomas de Holand, Knt., of the manor of Horden, Durham held for Thomas life to Ralph Neville of Raby.
He served in the wars in France, being in the retinue of Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, in 1346, and in the Kings retinue in Nov. 1347. In 1347 he assisted Sir John Dalton in a violent abduction of Margery de la Beche from her manor-house at Beaumes near Reading, Berkshire. He was summoned to Parliament from 1 June 1363 until his death. He added to the endowment of Upholland Priory in 1367.
Robert married Elizabeth sometime prior to 1343. They had four sons, Robert, Thomas, Gilbert (clerk), and John, Knight.,
Robert is buried at St. James Chapel, Brackley.
3. Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent, KG born 1314 (died 26 or 28 December 1360), of Broughton, Buckinghamshire, Hawes (in Brackley), Brackley and King’s Sutton, Northamptonshire, Horden, Durham, etc., Captain and Lieutenant of Brittany, 1354–5, Warden of the Channel Islands, 1356, Captain of the Fort of Cruyk, Normandy, 1357, Captain of St. Sauveur-le-Vicomte [Manche] in Normandy, 1359, Warden of the Town of Barfleur, 1359, Joint Captain and Lieutenant of Normandy, 1359, Captain and Lieutenant-General in France and Normandy, 1360.
He married Joan Plantagenet, the 'Fair Maid of Kent'.
He was one of the founders and 13th Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1348.
4. Sir Otes Holand, KG born 1317 (died 3 September 1359), of Ashford, Chesterfield, and Dalbury, Derbyshire, Yoxall, Staffordshire, Talworth (in Long Ditton), Surrey, etc., Governor of the Channel Islands, 1359. He married Joan _____. He was one of the founders and 23rd Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1348.
5. Eleanor de Holand born 1318 (died before 21 Nov. 1341). She married Sir John Darcy, Knight., 2nd Lord Darcy of Knaith.
6. Maud de Holand born 1319 d 1361 She married (1st) John de Mowbray, Knight., 3rd Lord Mowbray; (2nd) Thomas de Swinnerton, Knight., 3rd Lord Swinnerton.
8. Elizabeth de Holand born 1325 (died 13 July 1387). She married Henry Fitz Roger, Knight., of Chewton, Somerset, descendant of Herbert of Winchester.
9. Isabel de Holand. born 1328 Mistress of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey.
And now this gets really interesting! And we are about to enter into the most complex part of our English ancestry. The time of one of the most defining battles in history, where two rulers met on a battlefield and only one survived. A new King was crowned!
The War of the Roses - a battle between King Richard and Henry VII, the winner was King Henry VII.